Grid Automation System Getting Started Guide

Publish Date: Jan 12, 2017 | 0 Ratings | 0.00 out of 5 | Print | Submit your review

Overview

This document contains step-by-step instructions for the setup tasks to connect the NI Grid Automation System to your network and start acquiring data.

Table of Contents

  1. Before You Power Up the Grid Automation System
  2. Changing the IP Address Via the Touch Screen Display
  3. Web UI Interface Overview
  4. Testing Your PMU Connectivity to a PDC
  5. Appendix A - Changing the Time/Date
  6. Appendix B - Changing the Admin Password
  7. Appendix C - Imaging the Controller Via the RAD Utility

 

 

Figure 1. NI Grid Automation System

 

1. Before You Power Up the Grid Automation System

Ensure the following tasks are completed before turning the NI Grid Automation System on.

  1. Ensure you have applied the required power to the system. (100-240VAC/110-330VDC)
  2. Ensure you have the Ethernet connection between the system and your network.
    Note there are 2 ports (ENET0 and ENET1) on the back panel. You can connect to either ENET0, ENET1 or both.
    Note ENET0 is a standard copper port.
  3. Check with your IT Administrators if you have any questions about this task.
  4. Ensure you have a computer that is on the same network and subnet as the system.
  5. Connect your GPS antenna to the connector on the back panel labeled GPS.
  6. Turn on the switch located on the front panel of the NI Grid Automation System.
  7. Once the NI Grid Automation System is powered on and running you will see the following screen on the LCD display.

 

Figure 2 – LCD Home Screen for the Grid Automation System.

 

  1. Click on SETTINGS and then click on NETWORK1 or NETWORK2 to obtain the IP addresses and write them down.

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2. Changing the IP Address Via the Touch Screen Display

Complete the following steps to change the IP address information via the display. This is where you can change the network type and assign the network IP based on your requirements.

  1. Click on SETTINGS.
  2. Choose NETWORK(ETH1) or NETWORK(ETH2) depending on which network you would like to change.
  3. Click the check mark for the corresponding network parameters that you would like to change.
  4. Click SAVE.
  5. Click back arrow.
  6. The Controller will notify the user to click OK and that a reboot process to apply new changes.

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3. Web UI Interface Overview

Ensure the following tasks are completed in order to interact with the Web UI Interface for the NI GRID AUTOMATION SYSTEM.

  1. Open up your preferred internet browser.
  2. Enter into the address field the IP address that you assigned or wrote down:  Example: http://xx.xx.xx.xx:8005/pmu/config
    • Note if Silverlight is not installed you will be prompted to install.
    • The default username and password are both "admin"

Navigation

The NAVIGATION bar is located on the left side of the web interface as highlighted below.

 

Figure 3 – Navigation section for the NI Grid Automation System – PMU

Dashboard

The DASHBOARD section is used for monitoring purposes ONLY.  This gives the User a high overview of the current system and the signals that are currently being monitored.  The DASHBOARD is split into 2 areas: System Status and Live Monitoring.

System status – This gives the user an overview of the health of the controller for the NI grid automation system.

 

Figure 4 – System Status section for NI Grid Automation System

 

    • CPU0 Usage – This shows the amount of CPU usage for CPU0 on the controller.
    • CPU1 Usage – This shows the amount of CPU usage for CPU1 on the controller.
    • Disk Usage – This shows the amount of disk usage on the controller.
    • Memory Usage – This shows the amount of memory usage on the controller.
    • GPS Strength – This shows the strength of the GPS signal strength on the controller.
      •  No Signal – The GPS is receiving no signal.
      •  Low Signal – The GPS is receiving a low quality signal.
      •  Average Signal – The GPS is receiving an average quality signal.
      •  Excellent Signal – The GPS is receiving an excellent quality signal.
    • System Health – This shows the overall system health of the NI Grid Automation System.
      •  System Critical – The system has a critical status. Recommend turn off or reboot the system.
      •  System Warning – The system has a warning status.
      •  System Okay – The system is running as programmed.

Live monitoring – This gives the user an overview of the signals that are being monitored by the controller for the NI grid automation system.

Figure 5 – Live Monitoring  section for NI Grid Automation System

 

    • Phasors – Configuration is 2-bus; Reported Voltage and Current Phasors. Monitors the magnitude (V) and phase (°) for each channel selected in the PMU settings. These channels are selected to be included in the data stream.
    • Analog – Configuration is 2-bus; Total Power. Monitoring Real, Apparent, Reactive, and Power Factor for each channel selected in the PMU settings. These channels are selected to be included in the data stream.
    • Digital – Binary Inputs. Monitors the HIGH and LOW value for each channel. Digital Inputs are enabled in the PMU settings.

Settings

The SETTINGS section is used for reviewing or changing the PMU settings configuration ONLY. This will give the User a higher overview of the current configuration and allow the User to modify based on the User’s requirements

NOTE: In order to modify the current configuration you will have to click on the UNLOCK button shown in the figure below.  Once this configuration is unlocked, the User will see that the input boxes will become enabled and can be modified. Also APPLY and CANCEL buttons will be displayed.

Figure 5 – Click to unlock and allow the User to make changes to the current PMU settings

  •  

  • An invalid input value or an input left blank will create a RED BOX as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6 – Invalid input entry which shows a RED BOX, user must correct in order for the PMU configuration to be valid.

 

Base configuration settings

    1. Nominal Frequency – Choose a nominal line frequency (50, 60) Hz.
      • Reporting Rate – Choose a reporting rate for the chosen line frequency. (10 – 60) samples per second.
      • Measurement Type – Choose a measurement class according to the C37.118.2011a specification.
      • Station Name – Enter a station name in which the PMU will be installed. Alpha-numeric combination.
      • PMU HeaderEnter a PMU header for the PMU. Alpha-numeric combination.
      • PMU ID – Enter a PMU ID for the PMU. Numerical combination (1 – 65535).
      • Time BaseChoose the time base for the PMU. Numerical combination (1 – 4294967295). 10000000 is chosen as default.

Communication settings

    1. Communication ProtocolSelect the type of communication for first channel. (Disabled, TCP, UDP Only, UDP Spontaneous, UDP-T, UDP-U) TCP is chosen as default.
      • TCP PortSelect the TCP port for first channel communication. Numerical combination (1000 – 65535). 4713 is chosen as default.
      • UDP PortSelect the UDP port for first channel communication. Numerical combination (1000 – 65535). 4713 is chosen as default.
      • UDP Remote HostEnter an IP address for UDP remote host communication. (0.0.0.0) is the default IP address.

Sensor settings

    1. Voltage PhasorsChoose the transformer ratio and time delay compensation for specific channels.
      • Transformer Ratio – Numerical combination (1 – 65535). Default ratio is 1:1.
      • Time Delay Compensation – Numerical combination (1 – 65535). Default time delay is 1.
      • Current Phasors – Choose the transformer ratio and time delay compensation for specific channels.
        • Transformer Ratio – Numerical combination (1 – 65535). Default ratio is 1:1.
        • Time Delay Compensation – Numerical combination (1 – 65535). Default time delay is 1.

Phasors settings

    1. Computed Sequence Voltage Phasors – 2-BUS Configuration
      • Positive Sequence – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Positive Sequence Voltage in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. V1+ and V2+ are chosen as defaults.
      • Negative Sequence – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Negative Sequence Voltage in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. V1- and V2- are chosen as defaults.
      • Zero Sequence – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Zero Sequence Voltage in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. V10 and V20 are chosen as defaults.
    2. Reported Voltage Phasors – 2-BUS Configuration
      • Phase A – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase A in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. VA1 and VA2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Phase B – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase b in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. VB1 and VB2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Phase C – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase C in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. VC1 and VC2 are chosen as defaults.
    3. Reported Current Phasors  – 2-BUS Configuration
      • Phase A – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase A in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. IA1 and IA2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Phase B – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase B in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. IB1 and IB2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Phase C – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase C in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. IC1 and IC2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Phase N – Click the checkbox to include or not to include Phase N in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. IN1 and IN2 are chosen as defaults.

Analog settings

      • Total Real PowerClick the checkbox to include or not to include Total Real Power in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. P1 and P2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Total Apparent PowerClick the checkbox to include or not to include Total Apparent Power in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. S1 and S2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Total Reactive PowerClick the checkbox to include or not to include Total Reactive Power in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. Q1 and Q2 are chosen as defaults.
      • Total Power FactorClick the checkbox to include or not to include Total Power Factor in the data stream. Channel name can be modified based on alpha numerical combination. PF1 and PF2 are chosen as defaults.

Digital settings

      • Enable Digital InputsEnable to include Digital Inputs in the PMU configuration. Enabled by default.
      • Digital UnitEnter the unit multiplier according to the C37.118.2011a.2 standards. Numerical combination (0 – 65535). 0 is chosen as default.
      • DI0 - DI7 IDSet the name of each channel for the digital inputs in the PMU configuration. Alpha-numerical combination. DI0 – DI7 are chosen as defaults.

When you are ready to apply the new configuration settings, click the APPLY button as shown in the figure below. To cancel or revert back to the original settings on the PMU, click the CANCEL button.

Figure 7 – Apply and Cancel buttons to apply or reject PMU settings

 

 

When you click the APPLY button, an apply changes confirmation screen will appear as shown in the figure below.   Click OK to proceed, or Cancel to return to the configuration screen.  A reboot will be required in order to APPLY the new PMU settings. Allow the controller 2-3 minutes to reboot and apply the new PMU configuration.

 

Figure 8 – Apply new PMU configuration confirmation screen.

 

About

The ABOUT section is used to give the User detailed information about the specific PMU. This detailed information includes: Image version, PMU Serial#, Calibration Information, Firmware Version and other very useful information which can be used during technical support situations.

Figure 9 – About page system information example.

 

 

PMU System Information

  • Image VersionCurrent image version installed on the PMU controller.
  • Image Title Current image title on the PMU controller.
  • Image DescriptionCurrent description on the PMU controller.
  • HostnameCurrent hostname on the PMU controller.
  • PMU Serial # - Current PMU serial number on the PMU controller.
  • Test Date Current date and time that the PMU system was calibrated.

PMU Version Information

  • RIO Firmware VersionCurrent RIO firmware version installed on the PMU controller.
  • Display Firmware Version Current display firmware version installed on the PMU controller.
  • Calibration JSON VersionCurrent calibration JSON version installed on the PMU controller.
  • JSON VersionCurrent JSON version installed on the PMU controller.

Calibration Information

  • Calibration StatusDisplays the status is the PMU calibration. Calibrated or Not Calibrated will be displayed.
  • Calibration Comments Displays the comments by the operator who last calibrated the PMU.
  • Calibration valuesDisplays the calibration values for the specific channel names.

License Information

The NI Grid Automation System software application contains several licensed components from National Instruments and other 3rd party sources. For more information  click HERE button as shown in figure below. This button is located under the ABOUT section.

 

Figure 10 – About page, License Information link.

 

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4. Testing Your PMU Connectivity to a PDC

One way to test your PMU connection to a PDC is to use an open tool called "OpenPDC PMU Connection Tester" to ensure your network and system are setup properly.  Ensure the following tasks are completed in order to interact with the openPDC PMU Connection Tester for the NI Grid Automation System. This is not required to use your system but recommended to ensure the PMU is setup to stream data.

Installation

Follow the instructions on how to install the latest version of the openPDC PMU Connection Tester.

  1. http://openpdc.codeplex.com/wikipage?title=Getting%20Started#openpdc_installers
  2. Once you have installed openPDC PMU Connection Tester it is recommended to reboot your computer.
  3. Run PMU Connection Tester executable.
  4. Go to the PMU Connection Tester window and select TCP tab toward the top of the window.
  5. Select the Settings tab towards the bottom of the window as highlighted in the figure below.
  6. Change ForceIPv4 to True.
  7. Select the Graph tab towards the bottom of the window as highlighted in the figure below.
  8. Enter the IP address that you assigned the PMU.
  9. Enter the port from the PMU configuration under SETTINGS. For questions about this see the above section Web UI Interface – SETTINGS.
  10. Ensure IEEE C37.118.2-2011 is selected under PROTOCOL.
  11. Click Connect button and you will start to receive data.

Figure 11 – IP Address, SETTINGS, GRAPH button locations.

 

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5. Appendix A - Changing the Time/Date

Complete the following steps to setup or reconfigure the time and date of the system:

  1. Open up your preferred internet browser.
  2.  enter into the address field the IP address that you assigned or wrote down.
    Example: http://xx.xx.xx.xx , Note if Silverlight is not installed you will be prompted to install.
  3. On the left side of the page, click the TIME CONFIGURATION button.
  4. Choose the current date, time, and time zone best suited for your system requirements.
  5. Click the SAVE button at the bottom right of the page.

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6. Appendix B - Changing the Admin Password

Complete the following steps to setup or reconfigure the default username and password settings for the system:

  1. Open up your preferred internet browser.
  2.  enter into the address field the IP address that you assigned or wrote down.
    Example: http://xx.xx.xx.xx   Note if Silverlight is not installed you will be prompted to install.
  3. If you are not already logged in you will be asked to.
  4.  note defaults for both user name and password are admin
  5. On the left side of the page, click the SECURITY CONFIGURATION button.
  6. Under the USERS tab click on admin and click the change password button. Enter a new password and click okay.
  7. Click SAVE located at the bottom.
  8. You will be prompted a warning that you will be logout and have to enter the new credentials that you created.
  9. Click OK.

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7. Appendix C - Imaging the Controller Via the RAD Utility

Complete the following steps to image or update the system:

  1. Download the latest version of RAD utility by following instructions from here: http://www.ni.com/example/30986/en/#toc1
  2. Run the RAD utility.
  3. Click on SETTINGS under Application Images and choose the folder that has image that you would like to use. It will then display the image for selection.
    Example: NI PMU 1_0_11.lvappimg
  4. Click on the target system under Deployment Targets. TIP: If you wish to deploy to multiple targets hold CTRL and select targets to highlight.
  5. Click on the image under Application Images.
  6. Click Deploy and enter password, default is admin.
  7. Click on the button, Deploy Image to Listed Targets.
  8. The image is now being transferred and will reboot when complete and could take several minutes.

 

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