The PXIe-5172 includes general purpose digital lines. You can connect to these resources through the front panel AUX I/O port using a supported cable and accessory, such as the SCB-19 (NI part number 783959-01). These signals are 3.3 V LVCMOS bidirectional digital signals and may be used in a variety of applications. Direction is controlled independently for each channel through the LabVIEW FPGA Module diagram
The PFI signals are connected to the FPGA through 3.3 V LVCMOS buffers. These buffers allow for direction control, isolation to protect the FPGA from overvoltage conditions, and excellent signal quality through the matched 50 Ω output impedance. For exact I/O levels and input and output impedances, refer to the device specifications.
The digital lines are protected against overvoltage conditions. The device provides this protection through a combination of diode clamps to the +3.3 V and GND lines and a positive temperature coefficient resistor for impedance matching.
The interface from the PFI LVCMOS buffer to and from the FPGA is bidirectional. To guarantee that this line is not double-driven by both the FPGA and the buffer at the same time, the FPGA implements a direction control latency. This latency is an explicit delay between enabling the FPGA I/O buffer and setting the direction of the PFI. For more information on direction control latency, refer to the device specifications.