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Curve Fitting (Linear) (G Dataflow)

Last Modified: January 12, 2018

Finds the line that best represents an input signal or input data set using a specific fitting method.

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reset

A Boolean that specifies whether to reset the internal state of the node.

True Resets the internal state of the node.
False Does not reset the internal state of the node.

This input is available only if you wire a double-precision, floating-point number to y or signal.

Default: False

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signal

Input signal.

This input accepts a waveform or a 1D array of waveforms.

This input changes to y when the data type is a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

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y

Dependent values representing the y-values of the data set.

This input accepts a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

This input changes to signal when the data type is a waveform or a 1D array of waveforms.

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x

Independent values representing the x-values of the data set.

This input accepts a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

This input is available only if you wire a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers to y or signal.

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weight

An array of weights for the data set.

This input is available only if you wire one of the following data types to signal or y:

  • Waveform
  • 1D array of waveforms
  • 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers
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tolerance

Value that determines when to stop the iterative adjustment of the slope and intercept when you use the Least Absolute Residual or Bisquare methods.

If tolerance is less than or equal to 0, this node sets tolerance to 0.0001.

This input is available only if you wire one of the following data types to signal or y.

  • Waveform
  • 1D array of waveforms
  • 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers

How tolerance Affects the Outputs with Different Fitting Methods

For the Least Absolute Residual method, if the relative difference between residue in two successive iterations is less than tolerance, this node returns the resulting residue. For the Bisquare method, if any relative difference between slope and intercept in two successive iterations is less than tolerance, this node returns the resulting slope and intercept.

Default: 0.0001

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block size

Length of each set of data. The node performs computation for each set of data.

When you set block size to zero, the node calculates a cumulative solution for the input data from the time that you called or initialized the node. When block size is greater than zero, the node calculates the solution for only the newest set of input data.

This input is available only if you wire a double-precision, floating-point number to signal or y.

Default: 100

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error in

Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

Default: No error

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parameter bounds

Upper and lower constraints for the slope and intercept of the calculated best linear fit.

This input is available only if you wire one of the following data types to signal or y:

  • Waveform
  • 1D array of waveforms
  • 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers
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slope min

Lower bound for the slope.

Default: -Infinity

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slope max

Upper bound for the slope.

Default: Infinity

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intercept min

Lower bound for the intercept.

Default: -Infinity

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intercept max

Upper bound for the intercept.

Default: Infinity

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method

Method of fitting data to a line.

This input is available only if you wire one of the following data types to signal or y:

  • Waveform
  • 1D array of waveforms
  • 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers
Name Value Description
Least Square 0 Uses the least square method.
Least Absolute Residual 1 Uses the least absolute residual method.
Bisquare 2 Uses the bisquare method.

Algorithm for the Least Square Method

The least square method of fitting finds the slope and intercept of the linear model by minimizing residue according to the following equation:

1 N i = 0 N 1 w i ( f i y i ) 2

where

  • N is the length of y or the number of data values in a waveform
  • wi is the ith element of weight
  • fi is the ith element of best linear fit
  • yi is the ith element of y or the ith data value in a waveform

Algorithm for the Least Absolute Residual Method

The least absolute residual method finds the slope and intercept of the linear model by minimizing residue according to the following equation:

1 N i = 0 N 1 w i | f i y i |

where

  • N is the length of y or the number of data values in a waveform
  • wi is the ith element of weight
  • fi is the ith element of best linear fit
  • yi is the ith element of y or the ith data value in a waveform

Algorithm for the Bisquare Method

The bisquare method of fitting finds the slope and intercept using an iterative process, as shown in the following illustration.

The node calculates residue according to the following equation:

1 N i = 0 N 1 w i ( f i y i ) 2

where

  • N is the length of y or the number of data values in a waveform
  • wi is the ith element of weight
  • fi is the ith element of best linear fit
  • yi is the ith element of y or the ith data value in a waveform.

Default: Least Square

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best linear fit

Linear curve that best fits the input signal.

This output can return the following data types:

  • Waveform
  • 1D array of waveforms
  • 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers
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slope

Slope of the calculated best linear fit.

This output can return a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

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intercept

Intercept of the calculated best linear fit.

This output can return a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

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error out

Error information.

The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.
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residue

Weighted mean error of the fitted model.

This output can return a double-precision, floating-point number or a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

Algorithm for Calculating residue When the Input Signal is a Double-Precision, Floating-Point Number

When the input signal is a double-precision, floating-point number, this node calculates residue according to the following equation:

residue = 1 N i = 0 N 1 ( f i y i ) 2

where

  • N is the number of elements in the data set
  • fi is the ith element of best linear fit
  • yi is the y component of the ith input data point

Algorithm for Calculating best linear fit

This node uses the general least squares method to fit the data points in an input signal to a straight line of the general form described by the following equation:

f = a x + b

where x is an input sequence, a is the slope of best linear fit, and b is the intercept of best linear fit.

This node finds the values of a and b that best fit the observations (X, Y). When the input signal is a double-precision, floating-point number or an array of double-precision, floating-point numbers, X is the x component of the input signal and Y is y component of the input signal. When the input signal is a waveform or an array of waveforms, X is the input sequence calculated from the start time of the waveform and Y is the data values in the waveform.

The following equation describes the linear curve resulting from the linear fit algorithm:

y [ i ] = a x [ i ] + b

The following illustration shows a linear fit result using this node.

Where This Node Can Run:

Desktop OS: Windows

FPGA: Not supported

Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application


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