Table Of Contents

MT Measure PAM Quadrature Impairments (G Dataflow)

Last Modified: January 9, 2017

Calculates and reports pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM) quadrature impairments on a symbol-by-symbol basis at the symbol timing.

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Note  

Certain measurements like I/Q gain imbalance and quadrature skew are not applicable for the PAM modulation format because of the inherently one-dimensional nature of the PAM constellation.

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recovered complex waveform

The time-aligned and oversampled complex waveform data after matched filtering, frequency offset correction, and phase offset correction. Wire the recovered complex waveform parameter of MT Demodulate PAM to this parameter.

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t0

Trigger (start) time of the Y array.

Default: 0.0

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dt

Time interval between data points in the Y array.

Default: 1.0

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Y

The complex-valued signal-only baseband modulated waveform. The real and imaginary parts of this complex data array correspond to the in-phase (I) and quadrature-phase (Q) data, respectively.

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input bit stream

The demodulated bit stream from the output bit stream parameter of MT Demodulate PAM.

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impairment measurement window

The window over which impairments are measured.

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start index

Index of the first sample of the measurement window.

Default: 0

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width

Number of symbols over which to measure impairments. A value of -1 (default) measures impairments over all symbols. Positive values must be two or greater.

Default: -1

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error in

Error conditions that occur before this node runs. The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

Default: no error

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reset?

A Boolean that determines how the node handles bits from partial symbols in the input bit stream.

TRUE Discards bits making up incomplete symbols.
FALSE Saves the leftover bits and starts with them on the next iteration.

Default: TRUE

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PAM system parameters

Parameter values defining the PAM system. Wire the PAM system parameters cluster of MT Generate PAM System Parameters (M) or MT Generate PAM System Parameters (map) to this cluster. Do not alter the values.

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samples per symbol

An even number of samples dedicated to each symbol. Multiply this value by the symbol rate to determine the sample rate.

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Note  

The demodulation and detector nodes use timing recovery, which is optimized for four or more samples per symbol.

Default: 16

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symbol map

An ordered array that maps each Boolean symbol to its desired coordinates in the complex plane. The number of states in the array must be 2 N , where N is the number of bits per symbol.

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magnitude error

The measured magnitude error as a percentage. Magnitude error is the magnitude difference between the ideal and the actual measured symbol locations.

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RMS measurement

The RMS impairment value calculated over the impairment measurement window.

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peak measurement

The peak impairment value measured over the impairment measurement window.

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peak symbol index

Index of the symbol having the peak magnitude of impairment.

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individual symbol measurements

The impairment value for each individual symbol.

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DC offset measurements

The measured DC offset of the I or Q waveforms as a percentage of the largest I and Q value in the symbol map of the recovered complex waveform.

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I

The DC offset of the I waveform, expressed as a percentage of the largest I or Q value in the symbol map.

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Q

The DC offset of the Q waveform, expressed as a percentage of the largest I or Q value in the symbol map.

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origin offset

The offset, in dB, of the constellation origin from its ideal location.

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phase error

The measured phase error in degrees. Notice that the phase offset is removed by the demodulator and is excluded from this measurement.

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RMS measurement

The RMS impairment value calculated over the impairment measurement window.

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peak measurement

The peak impairment value measured over the impairment measurement window.

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peak symbol index

Index of the symbol having the peak magnitude of impairment.

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individual symbol measurements

The impairment value for each individual symbol.

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EVM

The measured error vector magnitude (EVM) expressed as a percentage.

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RMS measurement

The RMS impairment value calculated over the impairment measurement window.

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peak measurement

The peak impairment value measured over the impairment measurement window.

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peak symbol index

Index of the symbol having the peak magnitude of impairment.

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individual symbol measurements

The impairment value for each individual symbol.

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modulation error ratio

The measured modulation error ratio in dB.

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error out

Error information. The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

Where This Node Can Run:

Desktop OS: Windows

FPGA: Not supported


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