Calculates the average bit error rate (BER) against a user-defined sequence. The sequence input in the **input bit stream** array must be the same as the sequence specified in the **reference bit pattern** parameter.

When you call this node for the first time, or whenever **reset?** is TRUE, the node attempts to locate a trigger within the **input bit stream** by comparing it to the **reference bit pattern** under the constraints set by the **confidence** and **BER trigger threshold** parameters. When the BER on the subsequent input bits is below the specified **threshold** of bits specified by **confidence**, the node begins reporting the BER.

The bit sequence over which BER is calculated. This bit stream must include only data bits of the PN sequence.

Sequence of bits that are compared to the **input bit stream** to calculate BER and accumulated BER. When you reset this node, it adjusts the starting bit of this sequence to find the minimum BER.

The BER threshold that must not be exceeded for the **trigger found?** decision. This value determines when the BER measurement begins; bits before this value and seed bits are not included in the BER measurement. Valid values are 0.0 to 1.0, inclusive.

The number of bits examined for the pretrigger BER which is used for comparison to the **BER trigger threshold**, is determined by the specified **confidence** and BER trigger threshold values. The following images show the range of required input lengths for a **confidence** input in the range [0.5,0.99] and a **BER trigger threshold** input in the range [0.1,0.5].

**Default: **0.1

Level of confidence that the actual BER of the bits following a trigger will be below the specified **BER trigger threshold**. Values between 0.0 and 1.0 represent proportional confidence.

The specified **confidence** can only be reached after processing a minimum number of bits in the **input bit stream**. This parameter indirectly specifies the minimum **input bit stream** length in which a trigger can occur. Specify a **confidence** value of -1 to allow triggering on **input bit stream** lengths equal to 3 × (*PN sequence order*).

**Default: **0.95

Error conditions that occur before this node runs. The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

**Default: **no error

The measured BER as the ratio of erroneous bits to the bits following a trigger in the current **input bit stream**.

The number of bits considered for this measurement depends on the conditions shown in the following table.

The measured bit error rate as the ratio of erroneous bits to bits following a trigger.

The number of bits considered for this measurement depends on the conditions shown in the following table.

A Boolean that indicates whether the node found a user-defined sequence synchronization that exceeded the specified **BER trigger threshold**.

Index value of the first bit where the bit pattern matched the specified user-defined pattern.

This index value indicates the number of bits since the last reset that did not contribute to the BER calculation. For example, if the transmitter is off for 30 bits, this parameter returns 30.

Error information. The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

The minimum number of input bits required to return a meaningful BER value is given by

${{N}_{\mathrm{min}}=\mathrm{int}\left(\frac{\sqrt{y\times threshold\times (1-threshold)+120\times threshold}+\sqrt{y\times threshold\times (1-threshold)}}{2\times threshold}\right)}^{2}$

where

*y* is defined such that confidence=P(x≤y)

*x* is a zero-mean, unit-variance Gaussian variate

*P(x≤y)* denotes the probability that the variable *x* takes a value that is less than or equal to *y*.

The **BER trigger threshold** input triggers this node, meaning that the node only reports BER on bits after a match is found. Hence, you do not need to synchronize your transmitter with your unit under test (UUT)—the test can begin before transmission begins.

**Installed By: **LabVIEW Communications System Design Suite (introduced in 1.0)

**Where This Node Can Run: **

Desktop OS: Windows

FPGA: Not supported