Tones and Noise (Frequency Domain » Evenly Spaced Tones) (G Dataflow)

Generates a waveform that is the sum of integer cycle sine tones with evenly spaced frequencies.

coerce frequencies?

A Boolean that specifies whether to coerce the tone frequencies.

 True Coerces the specific tone frequencies to the nearest multiple of fs/n. False Does not coerce the specific tone frequencies to the nearest multiple of fs/n.

Default: False

amplitude

Value that the sum of all the tones is scaled to and the largest absolute value that the waveform contains.

Default: -1

reset

A Boolean that specifies whether to reset the phase to the initial phase value and the timestamp to 0.

 True Resets the phase to the initial phase value and the timestamp to 0. False Does not reset the phase to the initial phase value and the timestamp to 0.

Default: False

tone amplitudes

An array in which each element is a single tone amplitude.

The size of this array determines how many tones are generated.

frequency specifications

Start frequency and delta frequency of the tone.

start frequency

Lowest tone frequency generated.

This value must be an integer multiple of sample rate/samples.

Default: 10

delta frequency

Magnitude of the spacing between adjacent tone frequencies.

delta frequency must be an integer multiple of sample rate/samples.

If start frequency is 100 Hz, delta frequency is 10 Hz, and the tone amplitudes array contains three elements, the tone frequencies generated are 100 Hz, 110 Hz, and 120 Hz.

Default: 100

phase relationship

Distribution of the phases of the sine tones. The phase distribution affects the Peak/RMS ratio of the overall waveform.

Name Value Description
random 0

Each phase is chosen randomly between 0 and 360 degrees.

linear difference 1

The phase difference between adjacent frequency tones varies linearly from 0 to 360 degrees. This gives the best Peak/RMS ratio but might cause the signal to have periodic components within the period of the overall waveform.

linear phase 2

The phase varies linearly from 0 to 360 degrees.

Default: random

seed

Causes reseeding of the noise sample generator when the value is greater than 0.

This node ignores seed if phase relationship is Linear.

Default: -1

error in

Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

Default: No error

sample rate

Sampling rate in samples per second.

Default: 1000

samples

Number of samples in the signal.

samples must be greater than 0. Otherwise, this node returns an error.

Default: 1000

t0

Timestamp of the output signal. If this input is unwired, this node uses the current time as the timestamp of the output signal.

This input is available only if you configure this node to return a waveform.

signal

Generated signal.

This output can return a waveform or an array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

crest factor

Ratio of the Peak voltage to the RMS voltage of the output signal.

actual tone frequencies

Tone frequencies generated after accounting for coercion and the Nyquist criteria.

error out

Error information.

The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

Algorithm for Generating the Waveform Signal

The frequency domain representation of this waveform is a sequence of impulses at the specified tone frequencies and zero at all other frequencies. The number of tones is determined by the size of the input tone amplitudes. This node generates the sine tones according to the following steps:

1. Uses the frequency, amplitude, and samples information with the inverse fast Fourier transform (FFT) to create a raw array. The phases of the tones are determined using the relationship specified in phase relationship.
2. Scaled this raw array so that the largest absolute value is equal to amplitude.
3. Bundles the waveform. The t0 element of the waveform is always set equal to 0 and the dt element is set equal to 1/sample rate.

Where This Node Can Run:

Desktop OS: Windows

FPGA: Not supported

Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application