Version:

Last Modified: June 25, 2019

Solves differential algebraic equations that you define with formulas.

Formula strings and variable strings that implement the differential algebraic equations.

Formula strings that specify the DAEs.
The formulas can contain any number of valid variables. For this node,
*f*(*x*,*x*',*t*) = 0.

Names of the variables.

Names of the derivatives of the variables.
The number of elements in
**x' name**
must be equal to the number of elements in
**x name**.

Name of the time at which the DAE solver steps or evaluates the state.

Vector of the initial values of the variables.

The components of
**initial values**
correspond to the components of
**x**.

Set of parameters to configure the numerical solution of the differential equations.

Start time for solving the differential equations.

End time for solving the differential equations.
**final time**
must be greater than
**initial time**.

Type of solver this node uses to solve the differential equations.

Name | Value | Description |
---|---|---|

Runge-Kutta 1 (Euler) | 0 | A fixed step-size, single-step solver of first order. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Runge-Kutta 2 | 1 | A fixed step-size, single-step solver of second order. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Runge-Kutta 3 | 2 | A fixed step-size, single-step solver of third order. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Runge-Kutta 4 | 3 | A fixed step-size, single-step solver of fourth order. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Runge-Kutta 23 (Variable) | 4 | A variable step-size solver that starts with a third order method and embeds a set of Bogacki-Shampine coefficients for a second order method. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Runge-Kutta 45 (Variable) | 5 | A variable step-size solver that starts with a fifth order method and embeds a set of Dormand-Prince coefficients for a fourth order method. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

BDF (Variable) | 6 | A variable step-size, variable order (orders 1 through 5) implementation of the multi-step backwards differentiation formula (BDF). This method is suitable for moderately stiff problems. |

Adams-Moulton (Variable) | 7 | A variable step-size, multi-step variable order (orders 1 through 12) implementation of the Adams-Moulton predictor-corrector pair in predict-evaluate-correct-evaluate (PECE) mode. This solver provides efficient and accurate solutions for non-stiff ODEs. |

Rosenbrock (Variable) | 8 | A variable step-size, single-step explicit solver that uses a second order method with third order error estimates. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Discrete States Only | 9 | Fixed step-size, single-step algorithm for simulations that contain no continuous functions and therefore no differential equations. This solver applies to ODEs only. |

SDIRK4 (Variable) | 10 | A variable step-size solver of the fourth order. This solver is a singly diagonal implicit Runge-Kutta method (SDIRK). This solver applies to ODEs only. |

Radau 5 (Variable) | 11 | A variable step-size Radau solver of the fifth order. |

Radau 9 (Variable) | 12 | A variable step-size Radau solver of the ninth order. |

Radau 13 (Variable) | 13 | A variable step-size Radau solver of the thirteenth order. |

Radau [Variable Order] (Variable) | 14 | A variable step-size Radau solver of variable order. |

Gear's Method (Variable) | 15 | A variable step-size, variable order solver that implements a multi-step BDF. This solver is efficient for stiff problems and suitable for DAEs with implicit linear and nonlinear algebraic constraints. |

Interval, in seconds, between the times at which this node evaluates the model and updates the model output. The node uses this input only if you select a fixed step-size solver.

Step size for the first time step that the solver uses to solve the differential equations. The node uses this input only if you select a variable step-size solver.

Smallest time step size that the solver can use to solve the differential equations. The node uses this input only if you select a variable step-size solver.

Largest time step size that the solver can use to solve the differential equations. The node uses this input only if you select a variable step-size solver.

Absolute tolerance the solver uses to control the local error for each variable.

You must specify a scalar tolerance which applies to all variables.
**absolute tolerance**
cannot be negative. The corresponding
**absolute tolerance**
and
**relative tolerance**
cannot both be zeroes.

Relative tolerance the solver uses to control the local error for each variable state.

You must specify a scalar tolerance which applies to all variables.
**relative tolerance**
cannot be negative. The corresponding
**absolute tolerance**
and
**relative tolerance**
cannot both be zeroes.

Base time step, in seconds, to use for discrete functions.

This input is used only for the ODE solver.

If you select a fixed step-size solver,
**discrete time step**
must be an integer multiple of
**time step**. Otherwise, a run-time error occurs when you attempt to run the simulation.

Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an
**error in**
input and an
**error out**
output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of
**error in**
specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of
**error in**
in a standard, predictable way.

**Default:
**No error

Initial derivatives of the variables.
The number of elements in
**initial derivatives**
must be equal to the number of elements in
**initial values**.

Points of time at which the node solves the differential equations.

Values of the variables over time.

Each row of
**x**
contains the values evaluated at a particular time and each column contains a history of a particular value over time.

Values of the derivatives of the state over time.

Each row of
**x derivatives**
contains the values evaluated at a particular time and each column contains a history of a particular value over time.

Error information.

The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

**error in**
input and an
**error out**
output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of
**error in**
specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of
**error in**
in a standard, predictable way.

The solver calculates the local error by the following equation: |*x*| *
**relative tolerance**
+
**absolute tolerance**.

This node uses this error to adjust the step size. If the error is too large, the solver rejects the current step and reduces the step size for another try. If the error is too small, the solver accepts the current step and increases the step size for next try. The
**relative tolerance**
has greater impact on the local error when
*x*
is relatively large. The
**absolute tolerance**
has greater impact on the local error when
*x*
is relatively small.

**Where This Node Can Run:
**

Desktop OS: Windows

FPGA: Not supported

Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application