Relay Forms

Publish Date: Sep 06, 2006 | 222 Ratings | 4.57 out of 5 |  PDF
Relays are classified by their number of poles and number of throws. The pole of a relay is the terminal common to every path. Each position that the pole can connect to is called a throw. A relay can be made of n poles and m throws. For example, a single-pole single-throw relay (SPST) has one pole and one throw, as illustrated in the following figure.

A single-pole double-throw (SPDT) relay has one pole and two throws, as illustrated in the following figure:

A double-pole double-throw (DPDT) relay has two poles, each with two simultaneously controlled throws, as illustrated in the following figure:

Relays are then classified into forms. Relay forms are categorized by the number of poles and throws as well as the default position of the relay. Three common relay forms are: A, B, and C.

Form A

Form A relays are SPST with a default state of normally open.

Form B

Form B relays are SPST with a default state of normally closed.

Form C

Form C relays are SPDT and break the connection with one throw before making contact with the other (break-before-make).




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