1. Overview of GPIB
For more than 40 years the IEEE 488 bus, also known as the general-purpose interface bus (GPIB), has provided a standard, high-speed interface for communication between instruments and controllers from a multitude of vendors. GPIB is used across a wide variety of industrial instrument control applications.
For more information see The History of GPIB.
2. Assembling GPIB Instrument Control System
A basic GPIB Instrument Control system consists of four parts:
2. GPIB controller
3. GPIB cable
4. GPIB instrument
Setting up the PC. PCI-based GPIB controller boards offer a simple, seamless bridge between the PC and the GPIB instrument. Additionally, stand-alone GPIB controllers communicate via serial, USB, or Ethernet/LXI. As a result GPIB instruments can transmit their data across the room or around the world. Additionally, the National Instruments Instrument Driver Network has more than 7000 instrument drivers to choose from, as well as tutorials on how to use them to control your instrument.
Configuring the Controller. Depending on the GPIB controller manufacturer, some kind of instrument control software driver will need to be installed before the device will function. National Instruments GPIB controllers come with their own GPIB driver and Measurement & Automation Explorer (MAX). MAX scans for connected instruments, confirms communication, and creates the necessary handles for programming.
Connecting GPIB Controller to Instrument. Once the controller is installed and working properly, the GPIB cable can be connected from the controller to the instrument. In accordance with the IEEE 488.2 standard, with a single controller you can control up to 15 different instruments connected in either a daisy-chain or star topology.
3. How to Create a VISA Resource for an Instrument in MAX
If you are using a GPIB controller from Agilent/HP (HPIB), and want to use LabVIEW or another National Instruments program to control it, please refer to Can I Use Both National Instruments (GPIB) and Agilent/HP (HPIB) Controllers in the Same System?
If you are using a National Instruments controller, the MAX utility comes with the NI-488 driver for your controller. MAX makes GPIB instrument detection and control easy by providing you tools to search for connecting instruments, and send and receive communication with your device.
Open MAX by going to Start>>Programs>>National Instruments>>Measurement & Automation.
Figure 1. MAX Main Menu
To confirm that your GPIB device is connected properly, expand the “Devices and Interfaces” subdirectory below “My System.” Then, select your GPIB controller. In this tutorial we are using a PCI-GPIB controller. If you are using a USB, serial, or Ethernet controller, the name may be slightly different. Click on “Scan For Instruments.”
Figure 2. Scanning for Instruments in MAX
If your GPIB device is SCPI compliant, the name and address will appear in main window.
Figure 3. GPIB Device Found
If your device did not appear, please refer to GPIB Installation/Configuration Troubleshooter. Also refer to KnowledgeBase 1UO68A5P: "Scan for Instruments" Fails in Measurement and Automation Explorer.
MAX takes care of creating the necessary resources for VISA communication with your GPIB instrument. By selecting the instrument in from the subdirectory on the left, and then selecting its “VISA Properties” tab (circled in red at the bottom of Figure 4), you can change the VISA Resource Name of the device and communicate with it by clicking on “Communicate with Instrument” (SCPI commands), or “Open VISA Test Panel” (non-SCPI commands).
Figure 4. Opening VISA Properties Tab