Archived: Restoring or Changing the Operating System in a PXI-8180 or PXI-8190 Series Controller

Publish Date: Nov 17, 2016 | 10 Ratings | 2.70 out of 5 | Print

Overview

This document has been archived and is no longer updated by National Instruments.

This document provides step-by-step instructions on the available options for restoring or changing the operating system on a PXI-8180 or 8190 series controller (PXI-8184, PXI-8185, PXI-8186, PXI-8187, PXI-8195, PXI-8196).

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Methods Available for Restoring or Changing the Operating System
  3. Special Cases

1. Introduction

When you purchase an NI-8180 or NI-8190 series controller, National Instruments provides you with a means to restore the original operating system that shipped with the controller. This feature may be necessary if you need to return to a clean working environment. The restoration options enable you to take advantage of the built-in features National Instruments provides for you to recover this original operating system. In the event that your application requires you to install an operating system different from the one originally shipped with your controller, this document also describes the different ways you can do that.

National Instruments embedded PXI controllers provide you with a high-performance embedded computer for Slot 1 of your PXI system, which provides industry-standard computer technology in 3U packaging. As such, an embedded controller in Slot 1 of a PXI chassis operates in a similar fashion to a desktop computer with PCI slots. When using a National Instruments PXI controller, you still have the ability to both restore the current Operating System (OS) or change it, just as can be done in a traditional PC.

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2. Methods Available for Restoring or Changing the Operating System


The following table lists the different methods available for restoring or changing the operating system (OS). The list is ordered by ease-of-use.

Operating System Installation Methods PXI-8180 and PXI-8190 Series Controllers (PXI-8195, PXI-8196, PXI-8186, PXI-8187, PXI-8185, PXI-8184)
Restoring the Operating System (OS) A: Phoenix Firstware
B: Recovery Media CD
C: Images Directory
Changing the Operating System (OS) D: Windows Installation CD VIA External CD-ROM
E: Create New Images Folder
F: Windows Installation CD via Shared Files on a Network



 
A: Restoring the Operating System: Phoenix FirstwareTM [1]
To restore your OS, you do not have to reformat your hard drive. National Instruments 8180 and 8190 Series Controllers loaded with Windows XP ship with the Phoenix Firstware tools, which eliminate the need for providing a recovery CD to restore your system OS to its original factory condition.

The Phoenix tools use a small, protected area of your hard drive to store an image of the OS provided to you at the time of shipment. Should you need to restore your system OS to its original condition, you may access that image by pressing and holding the <F4> key (on the PXI-8186, PXI-8187, PXI-8195, or PXI-8196) or the <ALT> key (on the PXI-8185 and PXI-8184) when video first appears during the boot process. For more information regarding the Phoenix tools, please see the documentation located on your hard drive in the c:\Images\Firstware directory or in the User Manual.

Note: Once in Firstware you may not be able to use the <Enter> key, the <Tab> key or a mouse click to select your options. In this case, use the arrow keys to navigate and the space bar to enter.

[1]FirstwareTM and Firstware RecoverTM are registered trademarks of Phoenix Technologies Ltd.

 
B: Restoring the Operating System: Recovery Media CD/Windows CD
For the NI 8180 and 8190 family of controllers, you can restore the Operating System from the two Restoration CDs that ship with your controller. If you do not have these CDs you can use a regular Windows installation CD. The CD can be used either with an external CD-ROM or over shared resources in your network.

Via an External CD-ROM
In general, you will need the restoration CDs that come with your controller and an external CD-ROM to restore the hard drive. You can use either a USB, SCSI-based, or parallel port-based CD-ROM drive. You might need to use a boot disk that includes drivers for the CD-ROM drive. Contact your CD-ROM drive vendor for assistance with configuring the CD-ROM drive's driver files. National Instruments also provides a compatible USB CD-ROM, part number 778492-01.

Follow these steps to restore your operating system via an external CD-ROM.

1. Go into the BIOS. Navigate to the Boot section and change the Boot order to ensure the CDROM is above the Hard Drive. Save changes and exit the BIOS.

2. Shut down the controller.

3. Connect the CD-ROM and insert the first CD. Turn on the computer.

4. Follow the instructions on the CD. Any additional peripheral drivers you need are located in the c:\images\ directory.



 
C: Restoring the Operating System: Images Directory

Note: National Instruments recommends that you use Phoenix Firstware as the preferred OS recovery method (See method A above).

You can reinstall the OS from the images directory located on the controller's hard drive. The images directory is located on the boot partition (usually c:\images). The images directory contains a readme.txt or drivers.txt file that describes how to install and configure the peripherals, how to initiate a new installation of your operating system, and how to install device drivers for all supported peripherals. The images directory does not include an image of LabVIEW or LabWindows/CVI. You can reinstall these applications via CD-ROM or across a network. For this procedure you will need a USB Floppy Drive. National Instruments provides a compatible USB Floppy Drive, part number 778492-02.

Note: The images directory only contains the installation files necessary to do a complete reinstall of your operating system. It is not a ghost image.

1. Make sure that you have the proper Product Key as you may need this to install your operating system. The Product Key for the operating system should be found on a Windows sticker affixed to the controller or chassis of the system.

2. Make a Windows 9x boot disk on either a floppy disk or a USB key drive. Make sure the disk contains deltree.exe (even if you are installing Windows NT). You can copy this from a Windows 9x machine from the c:\Windows\Command directory. For more information on completing this step, refer to KB 2IKA5RLS, How Do I Create a Boot Floppy for My Windows-Based Computer or PXI/VXI Controller? in the links under Related Links below.

3. Boot the controller from the floppy disk. For more information on completing this step, refer to KB 1X0H52KS How Do I Make My PXI or VXI Controller Boot From a Floppy Disk in the links under Related Links below.

4. At the command prompt, type deltree c:\*.*. You will be prompted to delete each file and directory in the root c:\ directory. Caution: Do not delete the c:\images directory. Answer no for this prompt, but answer yes to all other prompts to delete files and directories.

5. Reinstall the Windows XP by running Winnt in the c:\images\os\I386 folder. Winnt does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, choose the option to set up Windows. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows XP to its factory state.

6. You also can install the drivers for supported peripherals by installing them from your restoration CD, or by visiting the PXI Controller Peripherals Web page in the links under Related Links below. From there, click the name of the controller you are restoring. Once you have the correct controller, click the green-checked boxes to locate a specific driver for a peripheral.

 
D: Changing the Operating System: Windows Installation CD via External CD-ROM
You can change or upgrade your operating system on your controller if you have your own Windows installation CD and an external CD-ROM. In general you will need a Windows installation CD and an external CD-ROM to restore the hard drive. You can use a SCSI-based CD-ROM drive or a USB cdrom such as part number 778492-01.

If the OS you are installing requires you to go to a DOS prompt, you may need to use a boot disk or CD that includes drivers for the CD-ROM drive. Contact your CD-ROM drive vendor for assistance with configuring the CD-ROM drive's driver files. You can boot to a USB Key or other device.

1. For the NI-8180 and NI-8190 family of controllers, you can install a new Operating System from an installation CD. If your operating system does not support booting from a USB CDROM, you can boot to a or other device to begin the installation.

2. Shutdown the controller.

3. Connect the CD ROM, insert the CD and turn on the computer.

4. Follow the instructions on the CD. Peripheral drivers for supported operating systems can be found on the PXI Controller Peripherals Web page in the links under Related Links below. If you do not see your OS there, you will need to reference the manufacturer's Web page to see if a driver for your OS is available.

 
E: Changing the Operating System: Create New Images Folder
You can change or upgrade your operating system on your controller if you have your own Windows installation CD. If you would like to install a new operating system, and your controller can currently boot into another operating system, you can create your own images folder and use your external CD-ROM or existing network to transfer the necessary files. You will need your own Windows installation CD and external floppy drive to do this.

If you do not have an external CD-ROM for your controller, you will have to copy the files from the CD-ROM drive of another computer on your network. In this case, your PXI controller must be on your network.

Note: National Instruments does not support specific operating system and networking configuration issues required to set your controller up on a network. Please contact your Information Technology group for assistance.

1. Create a new folder on the c:\ drive of your controller and call it Images. Within this folder create another folder and name it OS. Create another folder within the Images folder and name it Peripherals.

2. Place your Windows installation CD in either your external CD-ROM or in the CD-ROM drive of another computer on your network. Copy over the installation files from the Windows installation CD into the OS folder. Copy over the required peripheral drivers into the Peripherals folder. To find out what drivers you require, refer to the PXI Controller Peripherals Web page in the links under Related Links below.

3. Create a Windows 9x bootable floppy disk. To create a boot floppy see KB 2IKA5RLS How Do I Create a Boot Floppy for My Windows-Based Computer or PXI/VXI Controller? in the links under Related Links below.

4. Insert the boot floppy into the external floppy drive and boot up the PXI system.

5. At the command prompt, install the OS following one of the procedures listed below:
  • Windows 2000: Install Windows by running Winnt in the c:\images\os\win2k\I386 folder. Winnt does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, you need to choose the option to set up Windows. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows 2000 to its factory state.
  • Windows NT: Install Windows by running Winnt /B in the c:\images\os\NT40\I386 folder. Winnt /B does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, you need to choose the Set up Windows NT now option from the splash screen. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows NT to its factory state.
    NOTE: National Instruments has not thoroughly tested Windows NT on the PXI-8180 or PXI-8190 Series Controllers.
  • Windows XP: Install Windows by running Winnt in the c:\images\os\I386 folder. Winnt does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, you need to choose the option to set up Windows. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows XP to its factory state.
 
F: Changing the Operating System: Windows Installation CD via Shared Resources on a Network
You can change or upgrade your operating system on your controller if you have your own Windows installation CD. If you do not have an Images folder, or you do not have access to an external CD-ROM, or if your controller cannot boot into another OS because of registry problems or because the hard drive does not boot, you can install an operating system on your 8180 or 8190 Series Controller via shared resources on your network. The NI 8180 Series Controllers use the Intel 82559 ethernet adapter (Intel PRO/100). The NI 8190 controllers use the Broadcom Gigabit adapter. You will need an external floppy drive, USB Key or similar device.

1. Create a boot disk with the appropriate ethernet drivers. Refer to KB 2OKAG7WD, DOS Ethernet Drivers for the Intel PRO/100 Adapters in PXI-8180 and PXI- 8171 Series Controllers, the PXI-8211/2 Boards, and VXI-770/870B Series Controllers, in the links under Related Links. National Instruments has not validated DOS drivers for the NI 8190's Broadcom Ethernet adapter.

2. Connect your controller to your network.
Note: National Instruments does not support specific operating system and networking configuration issues required to set your controller up on a network. Please contact your Information Technology group for assistance with this.

3. Go to a computer on your network. Create a folder on this computer and call it Images. Within this folder create a folder and name is OS. Create another folder in the Images folder called Peripherals.

4. Place your Windows installation CD in the CD-ROM drive of this computer. Copy over the installation files into the OS folder. Copy over the required peripheral drivers into the Peripherals folder. To find out what drivers you require refer to the PXI Controller Peripherals Web page in the links under Related Links below.

5. Using the xcopy utility, copy the above directories to your controller through the network. For example, if you wanted to copy all of the files and subdirectories (including any empty directories) from drive A to a folder named temp on drive C, type:

xcopy a:*.* c:\temp /s /e

For more information refer to the Microsoft Help Page on the xcopy function in the links under Related Links below.
Note: This utility can be found in the command folder of a Windows 98 machine.

6. Install the OS following on of the procedures listed below:
  • Windows 2000: Install Windows by running Winnt in the ...\images\os\win2k\I386 folder. Winnt does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, you need to choose the option to set up Windows. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows 2000 to its factory state.
  • Windows NT: Install Windows by running Winnt /B in the ...\images\os\NT40\I386 folder. Winnt /B does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, you need to choose the Set up Windows NT now option from the splash screen. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows NT to its factory state.
    NOTE: National Instruments has not thoroughly tested Windows NT on the PXI-8180 or PXI-8190 Series Controller.
  • Windows XP: Install Windows by running Winnt in the ...images\os\I386 folder. Winnt does not reinstall the OS. This command only copies the necessary files to the hard drive so that Windows can be reinstalled. Once you reboot the controller, you need to choose the option to set up Windows. This option will run the setup files necessary to restore Windows XP to its factory state.

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3. Special Cases


1. If your system is formatted as the NTFS file format, you will not be able to access the data on the NTFS partition of the hard drive from DOS with the Windows 98 boot disk. If this is the case, you can either try to create an NTFS boot disk or reformat your system into FAT32 format using a Windows 98 boot disk and the format.exe utility (found in the Command folder of a Windows 98 machine). You can also use the Recovery Media CD to reinstall your image.

2. If your PXI controller does not boot because the hard drive is damaged you will need to send the PXI-8180 or PXI-8190 series controller to National Instruments for repair or replace the hard drive yourself. If you choose to replace the hard drive yourself, you must use a 2.5 inch notebook computer hard drive that is less than 9.5 mm thick. It is possible to use a hard drive that is thicker than 9.5 mm, however it will intrude into slot2 of your PXI chassis. You will have to format the hard drive to FAT32 using a Windows 98 boot disk and the format.exe utility, found in the command folder of a Windows 98 machine. At this point you can use a recovery media CD to restore the OS.

3. If you would like to install Windows on a controller that previously had only the Real Time OS installed, you can use the Create New Images Folder option. The easiest way to transfer the required installation files is to use the existing FTP server setup. You could also use the Shared Files on a Network option.

Related Links:
KB 2OKAG7WD: DOS Ethernet Drivers for the Intel PRO/100 Adapters in PXI-8180 and PXI-8171 Series Controllers the PXI-8211/2 boards and VXI-770/870B Series Controllers
KB 2J0CF0LS: Network Installation of Windows from the Recovery Media CD for NI 8171 and NI 8180 PXI Controllers
KB 1X0H52KS: How Do I Make My PXI or VXI Controller Boot From a Floppy Disk?
KB: 2IKA5RLS: How Do I Create a Boot Floppy for My Windows-Based Computer or PXI/VXI Controller?
KB 2TFEBOTJ: Booting From a USB CD-ROM (or Hard Drive) on a PXI or VXI Controller
KB 2C68O3YQ: What USB CD-ROMs Are Bootable with NI PXI Controllers?
External Link: Microsoft Web Page (XCOPY)
External Link: BootDisk.com 
Product Support: PXI Controller Peripherals

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