Table Of Contents

PXIe-5622 Specifications

Version:
    Last Modified: December 12, 2017

    These specifications apply to the PXIe-5622 with 64 MB and 256 MB of memory.

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    Hot Surface  

    If the PXIe-5622 has been in use, it may exceed safe handling temperatures and cause burns. Allow the PXIe-5622 to cool before removing it from the chassis.

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    Caution  

    Do not operate the PXIe-5622 in a manner not specified in this document. Product misuse can result in a hazard. You can compromise the safety protection built into the product if the product is damaged in any way. If the product is damaged, return it to NI for repair.

    Definitions and Conditions

    Specifications are subject to change without notice. For the most recent PXIe-5622 specifications, visit ni.com/manuals. Unless otherwise noted, the following conditions were used for each specification:

    • Direct path filter setting enabled
    • Sample clock set to internal 150 MS/s, unlocked
    • 1 V vertical range

    Specifications describe the warranted, traceable performance of the device over an ambient temperature range of 0 °C to 55 °C and include guardband for measurement uncertainty, unless otherwise noted. Specifications are valid under the following conditions unless otherwise noted:

    • The PXIe-5622 module is warmed up for 15 minutes at ambient temperature.
    • Calibration cycle is maintained.
    • NI-SCOPE self-calibration performed after device temperature is stable.
    • The PXI Express chassis fan speed is set to HIGH, the foam fan filters are removed if present, and the empty slots contain PXI chassis slot blockers and filler panels. For more information about cooling, refer to the Maintain Forced-Air Cooling Note to Users available at ni.com/manuals.
    • External calibration is performed at 23 °C ± 3 °C.

    Typical Specifications are unwarranted values that describe the expected performance of the device over ambient temperature ranges of 23 °C ± 5 °C with a 90% confidence level.

    Characteristics (or supplemental information) describe basic functions and attributes of the device established by design.

    Data in this document are Specifications unless otherwise noted.

    To access PXIe-5622 documentation, including the PXIe-5622 Getting Started Guide, go to Start»All Programs»National Instruments»NI-SCOPE»NI-SCOPE Documentation.

    Vertical

    Analog Input (IF IN)

    Number of channels

    One (IF IN)

    Input impedance

    50 Ω, characteristic

    Input return loss

    <-15 dB, 5 MHz to 300 MHz, typical

    Input coupling

    AC, GND

    Full scale (FS) input voltage range (Vpk-pk)[1]

    0.7 V (+1 dBm), 1 V (+4 dBm), 1.4 V (+7 dBm)

    Maximum voltage input overload (Vpk-pk)

    6.3 V (+20 dBm)

    Accuracy

    Resolution

    16-bit

    Absolute amplitude accuracy, at center frequency of specified bands, valid for all input ranges[2]

    Bandpass Path (187.5 MHz)

    0.5 dB

    Direct Path (53 MHz)

    0.4 dB

    Absolute amplitude accuracy, at center frequency of specified bands, valid for all input ranges[3]

    Bandpass Path (187.5 MHz)

    0.3 dB, typical

    Direct Path (53 MHz)

    <±0.25 dB, typical

    Temperature stability, maximum drift of ±2 °C from last self-calibration, valid for all input ranges

    Bandpass Path (187.5 MHz)

    <0.01 dB/°C

    Direct Path (53 MHz)

    <0.02 dB/°C

    Absolute Amplitude Accuracy Examples at 40 °C in the Bandpass Path

    Amplitude accuracy specification: 0.5 + 0.01 × (40 - 23) = ± 0.67 dB

    Amplitude accuracy, typical: 0.3 + 0.01 × (40 - 23) = ± 0.47 dB

    Bandwidth and Frequency Response

    Bandwidth (-3 dB), bandwidth of unequalized response

    Bandpass path (187.5 MHz)

    50 MHz, centered at 187.5 MHz, 3rd Nyquist zone, typical

    Direct path (53 MHz)

    3 MHz to 250 MHz, typical

    Dither signal, frequency range[4]

    100 kHz to 12 MHz, typical

    Figure 1. Equalized Amplitude Response (Bandpass Path), Using Calibration Data
    Figure 2. Equalized Amplitude Response (Direct Path), Using Calibration Data
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    Note  

    The Direct Path Equalized Amplitude Response shown above is a composite plot of multiple segments of 40 MHz span each.

    Figure 3. Unequalized Amplitude Response (Bandpass Path)
    Figure 4. Unequalized Amplitude Response (Direct Path)
    Table 1. Passband Amplitude Flatness
    Bandpass Path Direct Path
    Passband amplitude flatness, valid for 1 V range <+0.35, -0.6 dB (equalized)[5]

    187.5 MHz ±25 MHz

    <±0.35 dB (equalized)

    53 MHz ± 19 MHz

    < ±0.6 dB (equalized)

    10 MHz to 250 MHz (referenced to 100 MHz)

    Passband amplitude flatness, valid for all ranges, typical

    <+0.25, -0.4 dB (equalized)

    <+0.7, -3.5 dB (unequalized)

    187.5 MHz ±25 MHz

    < ±0.25 dB (equalized)

    < ±0.6 dB (unequalized)

    53 MHz ±19 MHz

    0.5 dB (equalized)

    <±1.8 dB (unequalized)

    10 to 250 MHz (referenced to 100 MHz)

    Table 2. Passband phase linearity, valid for all input ranges, after equalization, typical
    Bandwidth Bandpass Path Phase Direct Path Phase
    10 MHz ±0.5° ±0.5°
    20 MHz ±1° ±1°
    40 MHz ±1.75° n/a
    50 MHz ±2.5°

    Spectral Characteristics[6]

    Spurious-free dynamic range with harmonics (SFDR), for input signal with levels from -1 dBFS to -10 dBFS

    Bandpass path (187.5 MHz)

    <-76.5 dBc, typical

    Direct path (53 MHz)

    <-73 dBc, typical

    Total harmonic distortion (THD), includes 2nd through 5th harmonics

    Bandpass path (187.5 MHz)

    <-76 dBc, typical

    Direct path (53 MHz)

    <-71 dBc, typical

    Intermodulation distortion (IMD), two tones 1 MHz apart, down to -10 dBFS level

    Bandpass path (187.5 MHz)

    <-74 dBc, typical

    Direct path (53 MHz)

    <-73 dBc, typical

    Figure 5. Single Tone Spectrum, 5.5 dBm, Bandpass Path, 4 kHz RBW
    Figure 6. Two-Tone Spectrum, 2 dBm Each, Bandpass Path, 4 kHz RBW

    Noise

    Full bandwidth Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR), internal VCXO at 150 MS/s

    Bandpass path (187.5 MHz)

    >66.5 dB, typical

    Direct path (53 MHz)

    >67 dB, typical

    4.28 MHz bandwidth SNR, DDC enabled, at 5.35 MS/s sample rate

    Bandpass path (187.5 MHz)

    >71.5 dB, typical

    Direct path (53 MHz)

    >73 dB, typical

    Table 3. SSB Phase Noise, Internal VCXO, Unlocked
    Bandwidth Bandpass path (187.5 MHz) Direct path (53 MHz)
    SSB phase noise 100 Hz <-80 dBc/Hz <-90 dBc/Hz
    1 kHz <-117 dBc/Hz <-128 dBc/Hz
    10 kHz and above <-134 dBc/Hz <-141 dBc/Hz
    SSB phase noise, typical 100 Hz <-83 dBc/Hz <-94 dBc/Hz
    1 kHz <-120 dBc/Hz <-132 dBc/Hz
    10 kHz and above <-140 dBc/Hz <-144 dBc/Hz
    Table 4. Average noise density
    Range Value
    Average noise density[7] 0.7 V/+1 dBm <-146 dBm/Hz
    1 V/+4 dBm <-143 dBm/Hz
    1.4 V/+7 dBm <-140 dBm/Hz
    Average noise density, typical[8] 0.7 V/+1 dBm <-149 dBm/Hz
    1 V/+4 dBm <-146 dBm/Hz
    1.4 V/+7 dBm <-143 dBm/Hz
    Figure 7. Measured Phase Noise at 187 MHz, Bandpass Path, Signal Level = 3 dBm, Typical
    Figure 8. Noise Density (Direct Path), Typical

    Horizontal

    Sample Clock

    Sample clock sources

    Internal

    VCXO (can be free running or locked to a reference clock)

    External

    CLK IN (front panel connector)

    Onboard Clock (Internal VCXO)

    Sample rate[9]

    150 MS/s with decimation by N

    Accuracy

    ±5.0 × 10-6, typical

    Accuracy over temperature

    ±12 × 10-6, typical

    SSB phase noise of 150 MHz Sample Clock when exported to CLK OUT[10]

    100 Hz

    <-90 dBc/Hz, typical

    1 kHz

    <-130 dBc/Hz, typical

    10 kHz

    <-140 dBc/Hz, typical

    100 kHz and above

    <-150 dBc/Hz, typical

    Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) External Reference Clock

    Reference Clock sources (used to phase lock onboard VCXO)

    CLK IN (front panel connector), PXIe 100 MHz (PXIe backplane)

    Sample Clock delay range (delay relative to Reference Clock when VCXO is locked)

    ±1 Sample Clock period

    Sample Clock delay resolution (delay relative to Reference Clock when VCXO is locked)

    4 ps

    Reference Clock frequency range

    1 MHz to 100 MHz, in 1 MHz increments

    Reference Clock frequency accuracy[11]

    ±25 × 10-6

    Reference Clock duty cycle tolerance

    45% to 55%, typical

    Reference Clock export ports

    CLK OUT (front panel connector)

    External Sample Clock

    Frequency range

    20 MHz to 150 MHz

    Duty cycle tolerance

    45% to 55%, typical

    Export ports

    CLK OUT (front panel connector)

    CLK IN (Sample Clock and Reference Clock Input, Front Panel Connector)

    Input impedance

    50 Ω, typical

    Coupling

    AC

    Amplitude

    Sine wave (Vpk-pk)

    0.63 V to 2.8 V (0 to +13 dBm)

    Square wave (Vpk-pk)

    0.25 V to 2.8 V

    Maximum input overload (Vpk-pk)

    6.3 V (+20 dBm)

    CLK OUT (Sample Clock and Reference Clock Output, Front Panel Connector)

    Output impedance

    50 Ω, typical

    Coupling

    AC

    Amplitude

    50 Ω load

    > +10 dBm, typical

    1 kΩ load, square wave (Vpk-pk)

    > 2 V, typical

    PFI 1 (Programmable Function Interface)

    PFI 1 (programmable function interface) direction

    Bi-directional

    Trigger

    Trigger types

    Digital

    As an input (trigger)

    Destinations

    Start Trigger (Acquisition Arm)

    Reference (Stop) Trigger

    Arm Reference Trigger

    Advance Trigger

    Input impedance

    150 kΩ, characteristic

    Range

    0 to 5 V, TTL compatible

    Maximum input overload

    -3.5 V to +8 V, continuous

    Maximum frequency

    20 MHz

    Minimum trigger width

    >25 ns

    As an output (event)

    Sources

    Start Trigger (Acquisition Arm)

    Reference (Stop) Trigger

    End of Record

    Done (End of Acquisition)

    Output impedance

    50 Ω, characteristic

    Logic type

    3.3 V LVTTL

    Maximum drive current

    ±12 mA

    Maximum frequency

    25 MHz

    TClk Specifications

    You can use the NI TClk synchronization method and the NI-TClk driver to align the Sample clocks on any number of supported devices, in one or more chassis. For more information about TClk synchronization, refer to the NI-TClk Synchronization Help, which is located within the NI High-Speed Digitizers Help. For other configurations, including multichassis systems, contact NI Technical Support at ni.com/support.

    PXIe-5622 TClk Specifications

    • Specifications measured in an NI PXIe-1062Q chassis.
    • All parameters set to identical values for each PXIe-5622.
    • Sample Clock set to 150 MS/s and all filters are disabled.
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    Note  

    Although you can use NI-TClk to synchronize non-identical devices, these specifications apply only to synchronizing identical devices.

    Intermodule synchronization using NI-TClk for identical devices

    Skew (caused by clock and analog path delay differences; no manual adjustment performed)

    ≤500 ps, typical

    Average skew after manual adjustment [12]

    ≤4 ps, typical

    Sample Clock delay/adjustment resolution

    ≤4 ps, typical

    Waveform Specifications

    Onboard memory sizes[13]

    64 MB per channel option

    32 megasamples per channel

    256 MB per channel option

    128 megasamples per channel

    Allocated onboard memory per record

    Real data

    (Record Length × 2 bytes/S) + 480 bytes, rounded up to the next multiple of 128 bytes (minimum 512 bytes)[14]

    Complex data

    (Record Length × 4 bytes/S) + 960 bytes, rounded up to the next multiple of 128 bytes (minimum 512 bytes)

    Minimum record length

    1 sample

    Number of pretrigger samples, single-record mode and multiple-record mode

    Zero up to full record length

    Number of posttrigger samples, single-record mode and multiple-record mode

    Zero up to full record length

    Maximum number of records in onboard memory[15]

    100,000

    Onboard Signal Processing (OSP)

    Figure 9. PXIe-5622 Onboard Signal Processing Block Diagram
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    Note  

    To use onboard signal processing (OSP) on the PXIe-5622, set the DDC Enabled property/attribute to TRUE.

    The following OSP operations are available:

    • Send one IF signal to CH 0 and perform quadrature downconversion on the signal (complex data is returned).
    • Send a signal to CH 0 and perform alias-protected decimation (real data is returned).
    • Send a signal to CH 0 and perform real downconversion on the signal (real data is returned).

    Number of digital downconverters (DDCs)

    One

    Data processing modes

    Real (I path only); Complex (IQ)

    OSP decimation (protects acquired data from high-frequency aliasing within the ADC Nyquist zone)[16]

    Range

    1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10

    Multiples of 4 range

    12 to 4,096

    Multiples of 8 range

    4,096 to 8,192

    Multiples of 16 range

    8,192 to 16,384

    Fractional resampling enabled

    2 to 16,384 to 48 bits of precision

    Sample rate range, OSP enabled[17]

    Internal sample clock timebase

    9.155 kS/s to 75 MS/s with fractional resampling; or to 150 MS/s without fractional resampling

    External sample clock OSP decimation factor[18]

    Sample clock timebase/OSP decimation

    Bandwidth[19]

    Real flat bandwidth

    0.4 × Sample Rate

    Complex flat bandwidth

    0.8 × Sample Rate

    Complex Flat Bandwidth Example

    Complex bandwidth is 60 MHz with a complex sample rate of 75 MS/s.

    Using a decimation rate of 1 (sample rate of 150 MS/s with internal clock) bypasses the filters in the OSP block.

    OSP Digital Gain and Offset

    Digital gain and offset resolution

    18 bits

    Digital gain range

    ±1.5 × |ADC Data| [20]

    Digital offset, applied after digital gain

    (-0.4 × Vertical Range) to (+0.4 × Vertical Range)

    Output[21]

    (ADC Data × Digital Gain) + Digital Offset

    OSP Numerically-Controlled Oscillator (NCO)

    Frequency range[22]

    Internal sample clock timebase

    0 MHz to 75 MHz

    External sample clock timebase

    0 Hz to (0.5 × Sample Clock Timebase)

    Frequency resolution

    Internal sample clock timebase

    533 nHz

    External sample clock timebase

    Sample Clock Timebase / 248

    I and Q phase resolution

    0.0055°

    OSP Digital Performance

    Maximum NCO spur

    < -100 dBFS

    Decimating filter passband ripple, passband is from 0 to (0.4 × IQ Rate)

    < 0.1 dB

    Decimating filter Out-of-Band suppression, stopband suppression from (0.6 × IQ Rate )

    > 80 dB

    OSP IF Demodulation Typical Performance: Modulation Error Ratio (MER)

    Bandpass path carrier frequency: 187.5 MHz (signal source: NI PXIe-5673) Direct path carrier frequency: 20 MHz (signal source: NI PXI-5441)
    Internal Reference Clocks (source and receiver unlocked to any external reference) PXI chassis Reference Clocks (source and receiver locked to PXIe 100 MHz or PXI 10 MHz chassis backplane clock) Internal Reference Clocks (source and receiver unlocked to any external reference) PXI chassis Reference Clocks (source and receiver locked to PXIe 100 MHz or PXI 10 MHz chassis backplane clock)
    GSM physical layer, typical.[23] 50 dB 59 dB 48 dB 62 dB[24]
    W-CDMA physical layer, typical.[25] 47 dB 50 dB 39 dB 58 dB
    DVB physical layer, typical.[26] 46 dB 48 dB 40 dB 56 dB
    20 MSymbols/s QAM, typical.[27] 43 dB 44 dB 37 dB 49 dB
    26 MSymbols/s QAM, typical.[28] 39 dB 37 dB 36 dB 40 dB
    34 MSymbols/s QAM, typical.[29] 38 dB 37 dB 38 dB 37 dB

    Calibration

    Self-calibration

    Calibrates absolute amplitude accuracy.

    External calibration

    Calibrates absolute and relative (flatness) amplitude accuracy, VCXO accuracy.

    External calibration interval

    1 year

    Warm-up time

    15 minutes

    Software

    Driver Software

    Driver support for this device was first available in NI-SCOPE 3.5.

    NI-SCOPE is an IVI-compliant driver that allows you to configure, control, and calibrate the PXIe-5622. NI-SCOPE provides application programming interfaces for many development environments.

    Application Software

    NI-SCOPE provides programming interfaces, documentation, and examples for the following application development environments:

    • LabVIEW
    • LabWindows™/CVI™
    • Measurement Studio
    • Microsoft Visual C/C++
    • .NET (C# and VB.NET)

    Interactive Soft Front Panel and Configuration

    The NI-SCOPE Soft Front Panel (SFP) allows interactive control of the PXIe-5622.

    Interactive control of the PXIe-5622 was first available in NI-SCOPE SFP version 3.5. The NI-SCOPE SFP is included on the NI-SCOPE media.

    NI Measurement Automation Explorer (MAX) also provides interactive configuration and test tools for the PXIe-5622. MAX is included on the NI-SCOPE media.

    Power

    Maximum power consumption, at highest operating temperature

    +3.3 VDC

    1.75 A

    +12 VDC

    2.25 A

    Total power

    32.8 W

    Physical Characteristics

    Dimensions

    21.6 cm × 2.0 cm × 13.0 cm (8.5 in. × 0.8 in. × 5.1 in.)

    3U, one slot, PXI/cPCI Module, PXI Express compatible

    Weight

    400 g (14.1 oz)

    Environment

    Maximum altitude

    2,000 m (800 mbar) (at 25 °C ambient temperature)

    Pollution Degree

    2

    Indoor use only.

    Operating Environment

    Ambient temperature range

    0 °C to 55 °C (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-1 and IEC 60068-2-2. Meets MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3 low temperature limit and MIL-PRF-28800F Class 2 high temperature limit.)

    Relative humidity range

    10% to 90%, noncondensing (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-56.)

    Storage Environment

    Ambient temperature range

    -40 °C to 71 °C (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-1 and IEC 60068-2-2. Meets MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3 limits.)

    Relative humidity range

    5% to 95%, noncondensing (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-56.)

    Shock and Vibration

    Operating shock

    30 g peak, half-sine, 11 ms pulse (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-27. Meets MIL-PRF-28800F Class 2 limits.)

    Random vibration

    Operating

    5 Hz to 500 Hz, 0.3 grms (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-64.)

    Nonoperating

    5 Hz to 500 Hz, 2.4 grms (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-64. Test profile exceeds the requirements of MIL-PRF-28800F, Class 3.)

    Compliance and Certifications

    Safety

    This product is designed to meet the requirements of the following electrical equipment safety standards for measurement, control, and laboratory use:

    • IEC 61010-1, EN 61010-1
    • UL 61010-1, CSA C22.2 No. 61010-1
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    Note  

    For UL and other safety certifications, refer to the product label or the Online Product Certification section.

    Electromagnetic Compatibility

    This product meets the requirements of the following EMC standards for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use:
    • EN 61326-1 (IEC 61326-1): Class A emissions; Basic immunity
    • EN 55011 (CISPR 11): Group 1, Class A emissions
    • EN 55022 (CISPR 22): Class A emissions
    • EN 55024 (CISPR 24): Immunity
    • AS/NZS CISPR 11: Group 1, Class A emissions
    • AS/NZS CISPR 22: Class A emissions
    • FCC 47 CFR Part 15B: Class A emissions
    • ICES-001: Class A emissions
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    Note  

    In the United States (per FCC 47 CFR), Class A equipment is intended for use in commercial, light-industrial, and heavy-industrial locations. In Europe, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand (per CISPR 11), Class A equipment is intended for use only in heavy-industrial locations.

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    Note  

    Group 1 equipment (per CISPR 11) is any industrial, scientific, or medical equipment that does not intentionally generate radio frequency energy for the treatment of material or inspection/analysis purposes.

    spd-note-note
    Note  

    For EMC declarations, certifications, and additional information, refer to the Online Product Certification section.

    CE Compliance

    This product meets the essential requirements of applicable European Directives, as follows:

    • 2014/35/EU; Low-Voltage Directive (safety)
    • 2014/30/EU; Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC)

    Online Product Certification

    Refer to the product Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for additional regulatory compliance information. To obtain product certifications and the DoC for this product, visit ni.com/certification, search by model number or product line, and click the appropriate link in the Certification column.

    Environmental Management

    NI is committed to designing and manufacturing products in an environmentally responsible manner. NI recognizes that eliminating certain hazardous substances from our products is beneficial to the environment and to NI customers.

    For additional environmental information, refer to the Minimize Our Environmental Impact web page at ni.com/environment. This page contains the environmental regulations and directives with which NI complies, as well as other environmental information not included in this document.

    Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)

    spd-note-weee
    EU Customers  

    At the end of the product life cycle, all NI products must be disposed of according to local laws and regulations. For more information about how to recycle NI products in your region, visit ni.com/environment/weee.

    电子信息产品污染控制管理办法(中国RoHS)

    spd-note-china-rohs
    中国客户  

    National Instruments符合中国电子信息产品中限制使用某些有害物质指令(RoHS)。关于National Instruments中国RoHS合规性信息,请登录 ni.com/environment/rohs_china。(For information about China RoHS compliance, go to ni.com/environment/rohs_china.)

    • 1 Dither enabled. Can overrange up to 3 dB with Dither disabled.
    • 2 Valid over 23 °C ± 5 °C. Maximum drift of ± 2 °C from last self-calibration.
    • 3 Valid over 23 °C ± 5 °C. Maximum drift of ± 2 °C from last self-calibration.
    • 4 Dither is disabled by default in NI-SCOPE. To enable dithering, refer to the NI High-Speed Digitizers Help.
    • 5 Equalization requires using the Digital Filter Design Toolkit to compute equalization filter coefficients. This software is not included with the NI-SCOPE driver.
    • 6 +3 dBm total power at 1 V range, Dither ON
    • 7 Verified using a 50 Ω terminator connected to input; valid for all filter paths.
    • 8 Verified using a 50 Ω terminator connected to input; valid for all filter paths.
    • 9 Refer to the Onboard signal processing (OSP) section for possible N values (with and without fractional resampling). Non-OSP decimation does not protect the acquired data from undersampling aliasing. Non-OSP decimation and OSP decimation are mutually exclusive.
    • 10 Internal VCXO, unlocked.
    • 11 Refer to your chassis documentation to ensure it meets this requirement.
    • 12 For information about manual adjustment, refer to the Synchronization Repeatability Optimization topic in the NI-TClk Synchronization Help; for additional help with the adjustment process, contact NI technical support at ni.com/support.
    • 13 Assumes 2-byte samples. In Complex data processing mode (only available when using onboard signal processing), each sample is 4 bytes, so this number is halved.
    • 14 Record length refers to the number of samples, or data points, the NI-SCOPE device acquires for each channel in a single acquisition.
    • 15 It is possible to exceed this number if you fetch records while acquiring data. For more information, refer to the NI High-Speed Digitizers Help .
    • 16 Non-OSP decimation does not protect against high-frequency aliasing. Non-OSP decimation and OSP decimation are mutually exclusive.
    • 17 For sample rates less than 9.155 kS/s, use an external sample clock or perform additional software decimation.
    • 18 Fractional resampling not available.
    • 19 Using a decimation rate of 1 (sample rate of 150 MS/s with internal clock) bypasses the filters in the OSP block.
    • 20 Gain <1 attenuates user data
    • 21 (-0.5 × Vertical Range) ≤ Output ≤ (+0.5 × Vertical Range)
    • 22 Undersampling can be used for carrier frequencies >75 MHz.
    • 23 MSK modulation, 270.833 kSymbols/s, 1024 symbols, gaussian, BT = 0.3.
    • 24 In this case, the direct path carrier frequency is 35 MHz using the NI PXIe-5450 as the source.
    • 25 QPSK modulation, 3.84 MSymbols/s, 1024 symbols, root raised cosine, alpha = 0.22.
    • 26 32 QAM modulation, 6.92 MSymbols/s, 1024 symbols, root raised cosine, alpha = 0.15.
    • 27 64 QAM modulation, 20 MSymbols/s, 1024 symbols, root raised cosine, alpha = 0.15.
    • 28 64 QAM modulation, 26.09 MSymbols/s, 1024 symbols, root raised cosine, alpha = 0.15.
    • 29 64 QAM modulation, 34.78 MSymbols/s, 1024 symbols, root raised cosine, alpha = 0.15.

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