Table Of Contents

PXI-4070 Specifications

Version:
    Last Modified: February 17, 2017

    These specifications apply to the PXI-4070.

    Definitions

    Warranted specifications describe the performance of a model under stated operating conditions and are covered by the model warranty.

    Characteristics describe values that are relevant to the use of the model under stated operating conditions but are not covered by the model warranty.

    • Typical specifications describe the expected performance met by a majority of the models.
    • Nominal specifications describe parameters and attributes that may be useful in operation.

    Specifications are Warranted unless otherwise noted.

    Conditions

    Specifications are valid under the following conditions unless otherwise noted.

    • Calibration interval of 2 years
    • 1 hour of warm-up time

    DC Specifications

    Table 1. PXI-4070 DC Speeds, Nominal
    Digits Bits Max Sampling Rate[1] (Digitizer) Reading Rate[2] (DMM)
    7 23 5 S/s 5 S/s
    22 100 S/s 100 S/s
    18 5 kS/s 3 kS/s
    15 20 kS/s 7 kS/s
    3 10 1.8 MS/s N/A
    Figure 1. DC Voltage Maximum Reading Rate, Nominal

    DC System Speeds

    Range or function change

    100/s

    Auto Range time, DC V

    5 ms

    Auto Range time, DC I

    5 ms

    Auto Range time, resistance

    50 ms

    Trigger latency

    2 μs

    Maximum trigger rate

    6 kHz

    DC Accuracy Specifications

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    Note  

    All DC accuracy specifications apply to 6½-digit resolution (≥1 PLC), Auto Zero and ADC calibration enabled.

    Table 2. DC Voltage ± (ppm of reading + ppm of range)
    Range Resolution Input Resistance 24 Hr[3] Tcal ±1 °C[4] 90 Day[5] Tcal ±5 °C 2 Year[5] Tcal ±5 °C Tempco/°C (0 °C to 55 °C)
    Without Self-cal With Self-cal
    100 mV[6] 100 nV
    • >10 GΩ
    • 10 MΩ, nominal
    10 + 10 30 + 20 40 + 20 4 + 5 0.3 + 0.3
    1 V 1 μV
    • >10 GΩ
    • 10 MΩ, nominal
    6 + 2 20 + 6 25 + 6 2 + 1 0.3 + 0.3
    10 V 10 μV
    • >10 GΩ
    • 10 MΩ, nominal
    4 + 2 20 + 6 25 + 6 1 + 1 0.3 + 0.3
    100 V 100 μV 10 MΩ, nominal 6 + 2 30 + 6 35 + 6 4 + 1 0.3 + 0.3
    300 V 1 mV 10 MΩ, nominal 6 + 6 30 + 20 35 + 20 4 + 3 0.3 + 0.3
    Table 3. DC Current [7] ± (ppm of reading + ppm of range)
    Range Resolution Burden Voltage, typical Noise (ppm of range RMS) 2 Year (0 °C to 55 °C) Tempco/°C (0 °C to 55 °C)
    20 mA 10 nA <20 mV 20 400 + 150 8 + 1
    200 mA 100 nA <200 mV 3 400 + 20 8 + 0.2
    1 A 1 μA <800 mV 3 500 + 50 8 + 0.4
    Table 4. Resistance (4-Wire and 2-Wire [8]) ± (ppm of reading + ppm of range)
    Range Test Current[9] Max Test Voltage 24 Hr[10] Tcal ±1 °C[11] 90 Day[12] Tcal ±5 °C 2 Year[12] Tcal ±5 °C Tempco/°C (0 °C to 55 °C)
    Without Self-cal With Self-cal
    100 Ω[13] 1 mA 100 mV 15 + 10 50 + 10 80 + 10 8 + 1 0.8 + 1
    1 kΩ[13] 1 mA 1 V 12 + 2 50 + 3 80 + 3 8 + 0.1 0.8 + 0.1
    10 kΩ[13] 100 μA 1 V 12 + 2 50 + 3 80 + 3 8 + 0.1 0.8 + 0.1
    100 kΩ 10 μA 1 V 15 + 2 50 + 6 80 + 6 8 + 0.5 0.8 + 0.5
    1 MΩ 10 μA 10 V 20 + 2 60 + 10 90 + 10 8 + 1 0.8 + 1
    10 MΩ 1 μA 10 V 100 + 2 200 + 10 400 + 10 30 + 3 30 + 3
    100 MΩ[14] 1 μA|| 10 MΩ 10 V 900 + 20 5,500 + 40 6,000 + 40 200 +10 200 + 10
    Table 5. Diode Test
    Range Resolution Test Current[15] Accuracy
    10 V 10 μV 1 μA, 10 μA, 100 μA, 1 mA[16] Add 20 ppm of reading to 10 VDC voltage specifications.
    Table 6. Additional Noise Errors for DC Voltage, Current, Resistance
    Resolution Additional Noise Error
    5½ digits 10 ppm of range
    5 digits 30 ppm of range
    4½ digits 100 ppm of range

    DC Functions General Specifications

    Effective CMRR (1 kΩ resistance in LO lead)

    >140 dB (DC), 100 ms aperture; >170 dB ( >46 Hz) with high-order DC noise rejection, 100 ms aperture

    Maximum 4-wire lead resistance

    Use the lesser of 10% of range or 1 kΩ

    Overrange

    105% of range except 300 V and 1 A range

    DC voltage input bias current

    <30 pA at 23 °C, typical

    Table 7. Normal-Mode Rejection Ratio (NMRR)
    Readings/s NMRR Conditions
    10 >100 dB[17] All noise sources >46 Hz
    50 (60) >60 dB[18] 50 (60) Hz ±0.1%

    AC Specifications

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    Note  

    All AC speed specifications apply with Auto Zero disabled.

    Table 8. PXI-4070 AC Bandwidth
    Digits Reading Rate Bandwidth
    0.25 S/s 1 Hz to 300 kHz
    2.5 S/s 10 Hz to 300 kHz
    25 S/s 100 Hz to 300 kHz
    100.0 S/s 400 Hz to 300 kHz
    1.0 kS/s 20 kHz to 300 kHz

    AC System Speeds

    Range or function change

    10/s

    Auto Range time, AC V and AC I

    250 ms

    Trigger latency

    2 μs

    Maximum trigger rate

    1 kHz

    AC Accuracy Specifications

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    Note  

    All AC accuracy specifications apply to 6½ digit resolution, signal amplitudes greater than 1% of range, and Auto Zero enabled.

    Table 9. AC Voltage [19] 2 Year ± (% of reading + % of range), 23 °C ± 10 °C
    Range (RMS) Peak Voltage Resolution 1 Hz to 40 Hz[20] >40 Hz to 20 kHz >20 kHz to 50 kHz >50 kHz to 100 kHz[21] >100 kHz to 300 kHz[21]
    50 mV[22] ±105 mV 100 nV 0.1 + 0.04 0.05 + 0.04 0.09 + 0.04 0.5 + 0.08 3 + 0.1
    500 mV ±1.05 V 1 μV 0.1 + 0.01 0.05 + 0.02 0.09 + 0.02 0.5 + 0.02 3 + 0.05
    5 V ±10.5 V 10 μV
    50 V ±105 V 100 μV
    300 V ±450 V 1 mV
    Tempco/°C (0 °C to 55 °C) 0.001 + 0.001 0.001 + 0.001 0.001 + 0.001 0.001 + 0.001 0.01 + 0.01
    Table 10. AC Current [23] 2 Year ± (% of reading + % of range), 0 °C ± 55 °C
    Range (RMS) Peak Current Resolution Burden Voltage (RMS) 1 Hz to 20 kHz[24] Tempco/°C (0 °C to 55 °C)
    10 mA[25] ±20 mA 10 nA <10 mV 0.04 + 0.02 0.001 + 0.0001
    100 mA ±200 mA 100 nA <100 mV 0.04 + 0.02 0.001 + 0.0001
    1 A ±2 A 1 μA <800 mV 0.1 + 0.02 0.001 + 0.0001
    spd-note-note
    Note  

    No degradation in accuracy occurs due to crest factor for signals up to the rated peak voltage/current or bandwidth. For high crest factor signals, increase range. For example, for a 500 mVrms signal with a crest factor between 2 and 20, use the 5 V range.

    AC Functions General Specifications

    Input impedance

    1 MΩ in parallel with 150 pF, nominal

    Input coupling

    AC or DC coupling

    Overrange

    105% of range except 300 V, 1 A range

    Maximum Volt-Hertz product

    >8 × 107 V-Hz

    Maximum DC voltage component

    250 V

    CMRR (1 kΩ resistance in LO lead)

    >70 dB (DC to 60 Hz)

    Frequency and Period

    Table 11. PXI-4070 Frequency and Period [26]
    Input Range Frequency Range Period Range Resolution 2-Year Accuracy[27] 0 °C to 55 °C ± % of reading
    50 mV to 300 V 1 Hz to 500 kHz 1 s to 2 μs 6½ digits 0.01

    Temperature Accuracy Specifications (°C)

    Table 12. Thermocouple Temperature Accuracy Specifications (°C) [28]
    Type Range 2 Year Tcal ±5 °C Tempco/°C[29] Resolution
    With Simulated Ref. Junction [30] With PXI-2527[31]
    J -150 to 1200 0.3 1.0 0.03 0.1
    -210 to -150 0.4 1.2 0.03 0.1
    K -100 to 1200 0.4 1.0 0.03 0.1
    -200 to -100 0.4 1.5 0.03 0.1
    N -100 to 1300 0.3 1.0 0.03 0.1
    -200 to -100 0.6 1.5 0.03 0.1
    T -100 to 400 0.3 1.0 0.03 0.1
    -200 to -100 0.4 1.5 0.03 0.1
    E -150 to 1000 0.2 1.0 0.03 0.1
    -200 to -150 0.3 1.5 0.03 0.1
    R 300 to 1760 0.6 1.8 0.06 0.1
    -50 to 300 1.4 1.9 0.06 0.1
    S 400 to 1760 0.7 1.8 0.06 0.1
    -50 to 400 1.3 1.8 0.06 0.1
    B 1100 to 1820 0.6 1.8 0.09 0.1
    400 to 1100 1.4 1.9 0.09 0.1
    Table 13. RTD [32] Temperature Accuracy Specifications (°C)
    Range 2 year Tcal ±5 °C[30] Tempco/°C[29] Resolution
    -200 to 600 0.14 0.011 0.01
    Table 14. Thermistor Temperature Accuracy Specifications (°C) [33]
    Range 2 year Tcal ±5 °C[30] Tempco/°C[29] Resolution
    -80 to 150 0.08 0.002 0.01

    Isolated Digitizer Specifications

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    Note  

    All digitizer accuracy specifications apply to Auto Zero enabled, DC coupling, after self-calibration, and 1.8 MS/s sampling rate. For basic DC accuracy, refer to the DC voltage specifications and DC current specifications in the DC Specifications section.

    Table 15. Voltage Mode
    Range Input Impedance[34] Flatness Error 20 kHz, Typical Bandwidth (-3 dB), Typical[35] THD 1 kHz signal, -1 dBfs, Typical THD 20 kHz signal, -1 dBfs, Typical
    100 mV >10 GΩ, 1 MΩ -0.03 dB 300 kHz -104 dB -78 dB
    1 V >10 GΩ, 1 MΩ -0.03 dB 300 kHz -109 dB -83 dB
    10 V >10 GΩ, 1 MΩ -0.03 dB 300 kHz -96 dB -70 dB
    100 V 1 MΩ -0.03 dB 300 kHz -96 dB -70 dB
    300 V 1 MΩ -0.03 dB 300 kHz -98 dB -72 dB
    Table 16. Current Mode
    Range Resolution Burden Voltage, Typical Flatness Error 20 kHz, Typical Bandwidth (-3 dB), Typical
    20 mA 10 nA <20 mV ±0.01 dB 430 kHz
    200 mA 100 nA <200 mV ±0.01 dB 430 kHz
    1 A 1 μA <800 mV ±0.01 dB 400 kHz

    Acquisition System

    Sampling rate and record duration

    Available sampling rates

    r = 1.8 M S / s y , where y = 1, 2, 3,...1.8 × 105

    Minimum record duration

    8.89 μs

    Maximum record duration

    149 s

    Record duration

    n/r, where n = number of samples, r = sampling rate

    Variable resolution

    10-23 bits; refer to Digitizer Maximum Sampling Rate graph

    Available functions

    Voltage and current

    Voltage ranges

    ±100 mV to ±300 V (DC or AC coupled)

    Current ranges

    ±20 mA to ±1 A

    Timebase accuracy

    25 ppm

    Input trigger

    Latency[36]

    1.8 μs

    Jitter

    <600 ns

    spd-note-note
    Note  

    Refer to Trigger Specifications for additional input trigger specifications.

    Figure 2. Digitizer Maximum Sampling Rate, Nominal

    General Specifications

    Warm-up

    1 hour to rated accuracy

    Self-calibration

    Calibrates the FlexDMM relative to high-precision internal voltage and resistance standards. No external calibration equipment required.

    External calibration interval

    2 year recommended

    Measurement category

    II

    spd-note-caution
    Caution  

    Do not use this device for connection to signals or for measurements within Measurement Categories III or IV.

    Input protection

    Resistance, diode

    Up to 300 VDC

    DC V, AC V

    Up to 300 VDC or ACrms, 450 V AC peak

    DC I and AC I

    F 1.25 A 250 V fast-acting user-replaceable fuse

    Maximum common-mode voltage

    300 VDC or ACrms

    spd-note-fuse-symbol
    Fuse  

    When this fuse symbol is marked on a device, take proper precautions.

    spd-note-
    Hazardous Voltage  

    This icon denotes a warning advising you to take precautions to avoid electrical shock.

    Trigger Specifications

    Measurement complete trigger pulse width

    3 μs

    Input trigger pulse width

    1 μs, with <2 m cable

    Trigger voltage levels

    Vin High

    2.0 V min

    Vin Low

    0.8 V max

    Vout High

    2.4 V min

    Vout Low

    0.4 V max

    Trigger voltage level absolute maximums

    Vin High

    5.5 V

    Vin Low

    -0.5 V

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    Note  

    Triggers are LVTTL/TTL compatible.

    spd-note-caution
    Caution  

    The AUX I/O connector on the PXI-4070 is not isolated. This connector is not referenced to the measurement circuit but is referenced to the ground of the PXI chassis. Do not operate the digital signal of this connector beyond -0.5 V to 5.5 V of the PXI chassis ground.

    Power Requirements

    spd-note-caution
    Caution  

    You can impair the protection provided by the PXI-4070 if you use it in a manner not described in this document.

    Power consumption

    <12 W from PXI backplane

    Physical Characteristics

    Dimensions

    3U, one-slot, PXI/cPCI module

    2.0 cm × 13.0 cm × 21.6 cm (0.8 in. × 5.1 in. × 8.5 in.), nominal

    Weight

    340 g (12 oz), nominal

    spd-note-note
    Note  

    If you need to clean the device, wipe it with a dry towel.

    Environment

    Maximum altitude

    2,000 m (at 25 °C ambient temperature)

    Pollution Degree

    2

    Indoor use only.

    Operating Environment

    Ambient temperature range

    0 °C to 55 °C (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-1 and IEC 60068-2-2.)

    Relative humidity range

    Up to 95% at 40 °C

    Storage Environment

    Ambient temperature range

    -40 °C to 70 °C (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-1 and IEC 60068-2-2.)

    Relative humidity range

    5% to 95%, noncondensing (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-56.)

    Shock and Vibration

    Operational shock

    30 g peak, half-sine, 11 ms pulse (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-27. Test profile developed in accordance with MIL-PRF-28800F.)

    Random vibration

    Operating

    5 Hz to 500 Hz, 0.3 grms (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-64.)

    Nonoperating

    5 Hz to 500 Hz, 2.4 grms (Tested in accordance with IEC 60068-2-64. Test profile exceeds the requirements of MIL-PRF-28800F, Class 3.)

    Compliance and Certifications

    Safety

    This product is designed to meet the requirements of the following electrical equipment safety standards for measurement, control, and laboratory use:

    • IEC 61010-1, EN 61010-1
    • UL 61010-1, CSA C22.2 No. 61010-1
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    Note  

    For UL and other safety certifications, refer to the product label or the Online Product Certification section.

    Electromagnetic Compatibility

    This product meets the requirements of the following EMC standards for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use:
    • EN 61326-1 (IEC 61326-1): Class A emissions; Basic immunity
    • EN 55011 (CISPR 11): Group 1, Class A emissions
    • EN 55022 (CISPR 22): Class A emissions
    • EN 55024 (CISPR 24): Immunity
    • AS/NZS CISPR 11: Group 1, Class A emissions
    • AS/NZS CISPR 22: Class A emissions
    • FCC 47 CFR Part 15B: Class A emissions
    • ICES-001: Class A emissions
    spd-note-caution
    Caution  

    To ensure the specified EMC performance, operate this product only with shielded cables and accessories.

    spd-note-note
    Note  

    In the United States (per FCC 47 CFR), Class A equipment is intended for use in commercial, light-industrial, and heavy-industrial locations. In Europe, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand (per CISPR 11), Class A equipment is intended for use only in heavy-industrial locations.

    spd-note-note
    Note  

    Group 1 equipment (per CISPR 11) is any industrial, scientific, or medical equipment that does not intentionally generate radio frequency energy for the treatment of material or inspection/analysis purposes.

    spd-note-note
    Note  

    For EMC declarations, certifications, and additional information, refer to the Online Product Certification section.

    CE Compliance

    This product meets the essential requirements of applicable European Directives, as follows:

    • 2014/35/EU; Low-Voltage Directive (safety)
    • 2014/30/EU; Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC)

    Online Product Certification

    Refer to the product Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for additional regulatory compliance information. To obtain product certifications and the DoC for this product, visit ni.com/certification, search by model number or product line, and click the appropriate link in the Certification column.

    Environmental Management

    NI is committed to designing and manufacturing products in an environmentally responsible manner. NI recognizes that eliminating certain hazardous substances from our products is beneficial to the environment and to NI customers.

    For additional environmental information, refer to the Minimize Our Environmental Impact web page at ni.com/environment. This page contains the environmental regulations and directives with which NI complies, as well as other environmental information not included in this document.

    Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)

    spd-note-weee
    EU Customers  

    At the end of the product life cycle, all NI products must be disposed of according to local laws and regulations. For more information about how to recycle NI products in your region, visit ni.com/environment/weee.

    电子信息产品污染控制管理办法(中国RoHS)

    spd-note-china-rohs
    中国客户  

    National Instruments符合中国电子信息产品中限制使用某些有害物质指令(RoHS)。关于National Instruments中国RoHS合规性信息,请登录 ni.com/environment/rohs_china。(For information about China RoHS compliance, go to ni.com/environment/rohs_china.)

    • 1 Maximum sampling rates refer to waveform acquisition in digitizer mode.
    • 2 Auto Zero disabled, except 7 digits, measured on a 10 V and 10 kΩ range.
    • 3 Relative to external calibration source.
    • 4 Tcal is the temperature at which the last self-calibration or external calibration was performed.
    • 5 Using internal self-calibration; specifications valid over the entire operating temperature range.
    • 6 With offset nulling and 100 ms aperture.
    • 7 Typical 24 hour accuracy (23 °C ±1 °C) is ±(50 ppm of reading + 5 ppm of range).
    • 8 Perform offset nulling or add 200 mΩ to reading.
    • 9 -10% to 0% tolerance.
    • 10 Relative to external calibration source.
    • 11 Tcal is the temperature at which the last self-calibration or external calibration was performed.
    • 12 Using internal self-calibration; specifications valid over the entire operating temperature range.
    • 13 With offset compensated ohms enabled.
    • 14 2-wire resistance measurement only. Typical accuracy is 5% between 105 MΩ and 1.05 GΩ. Use tempco outside 18 °C to 28 °C.
    • 15 -10% to 0% tolerance.
    • 16 Up to 4.5 V measurement for 1 mA test current.
    • 17 With high-order DC noise rejection; 100 ms aperture.
    • 18 With normal DC noise rejection; 20 ms (16.67 ms) aperture.
    • 19 After self-calibration. Measurement aperture greater than 4/fL, where fL is the lowest frequency component of the signal being measured.
    • 20 Specification applies for DC coupling.
    • 21 Above 150 V with V-Hz above 1.5 × 107, specifications are typical.
    • 22 Applies to signals >2 mV.
    • 23 Measurement aperture greater than 4/fL, where fL is the lowest frequency component of the signal being measured.
    • 24 Specification is typical for the 5 kHz to 20 kHz frequency range.
    • 25 Applies to signals >200 μA.
    • 26 2 second gate time; input signal must be >10% of AC voltage input range.
    • 27 0.00025% of reading, typical.
    • 28 Tcal is the temperature at which the last external calibration was performed. For total measurement accuracy, add temperature probe error.
    • 29 Tempco is the temperature coefficient, expressed in degrees of measurement uncertainty per degree change in DMM instrument operating temperature.
    • 30 Using simulated reference junction.
    • 31 Includes PXI-2527 with TB-2627 with a typical 0.5 °C CJC error and a typical thermal EMF offset of 2.5 μV for CJC temperatures between 15 °C and 35 °C. Add an additional 0.5 °C uncertainty when CJC is in the range 0-15 °C or 35-50 °C.
    • 32 Based on RTD with RO = 100 Ω Pt3851 RTD in a 4-wire configuration, using lowest possible resistance range for each temperature. For total measurement accuracy, add temperature probe error.
    • 33 For total measurement accuracy, add temperature probe error.
    • 34 In parallel with 150 pF.
    • 35 The AC coupling low frequency (-3 dB) point is 0.8 Hz.
    • 36 The latency specification value actually reflects negative latency due to sampling before the trigger. Can be reduced to near zero (with the jitter specification) or made positive in software by adding a trigger delay.

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