The Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) algorithm is the most common control algorithm used in industry. Often, people use PID to control processes that include heating and cooling systems, fluid level monitoring, flow control, and pressure control. In PID control, you must specify a process variable and a setpoint. The process variable is the system parameter you want to control, such as temperature, pressure, or flow rate, and the setpoint is the desired value for the parameter you are controlling. A PID controller determines a controller output value, such as the heater power or valve position. The controller applies the controller output value to the system, which in turn drives the process variable toward the setpoint value.