Table Of Contents

MT Spread Symbols (G Dataflow)

Version:
    Last Modified: February 7, 2018

    Performs the DSSS spreading operation using the spreading code that you specify. The spreading code algorithm performs non-return-to-zero (NRZ) encoding of the input bit stream and the spreading code. However, the output is an array of zeros and ones.

    connector_pane_image
    datatype_icon

    input bit stream

    The sequence of information bits to be spread.

    datatype_icon

    spreading code

    The sequence of bits that determine how the bits in input bit stream are spread.

    datatype_icon

    error in

    Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

    The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Default: No error

    datatype_icon

    output chip stream

    The sequence of data bits that is spread for transmission. The number of elements returned in this array equals the product of the input bit stream array length and the spreading code array length.

    datatype_icon

    error out

    Error information.

    The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Spreading Operation

    Each bit in the input bit stream is spread according to the following table.

    Spreading Input Spreading Output
    0 Spreading code
    1 Complement of spreading code

    For example, an input bit stream array of 1100 and a spreading code value of 1010 return an output chip stream array of 0101 0101 1010 1010.

    Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)

    Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) is a process by which data is transmitted using a higher bandwidth signal as required by the data rate. Using DSSS allows multiple channels to occupy the same bandwidth, thus mitigating interference from other users at the expense of bandwidth expansion.

    DSSS spreads each bit of signal data at the transmitter into L chips using a pseudorandom L-chip spreading code called a code word. The length L of the pseudorandom spreading code is also known as the bandwidth expansion factor because the chips are transmitted at a rate equal to L * bit rate of the data. The spreading code appears random to all receivers except the intended one, which uses the knowledge of the spreading code to demodulate and recover the transmitted information. Thus, multiple channels can occupy the same portion of the frequency spectrum by using code words that have little or no correlation with one another, and little or no autocorrelation for any shift other than zero.

    Mathematically, a DSSS signal is described by
    y ( t ) = n = m = 0 L 1 a n c m g ( T n T m T c )

    where

    y(T) is the transmitted DSSS signal

    g(T) is the pulse-shaping signal of duration Tc

    an is the nth information bearing symbol

    cm is the mth element of the L-long pseudorandom spreading code (also known as the chip sequence)

    Tc is the chip period

    T = L * Tc is the symbol period

    Where This Node Can Run:

    Desktop OS: Windows

    FPGA: Not supported

    Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application


    Recently Viewed Topics