Table Of Contents

MT Measure Quadrature Impairments (MT Measure PSK Quadrature Impairments) (G Dataflow)

Version:
    Last Modified: February 7, 2018

    Calculates and reports PSK quadrature impairments on a symbol-by-symbol basis at the symbol timing.

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    recovered complex waveform

    The time-aligned and oversampled complex waveform data after matched filtering, frequency offset correction, and phase offset correction. Wire the recovered complex waveform parameter of MT Demodulate PSK to this parameter.

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    t0

    Trigger (start) time of the Y array.

    Default: 0.0

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    dt

    Time interval between data points in the Y array.

    Default: 1.0

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    Y

    The complex-valued signal-only baseband modulated waveform. The real and imaginary parts of this complex data array correspond to the in-phase (I) and quadrature-phase (Q) data, respectively.

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    input bit stream

    The demodulated bit stream from the output bit stream parameter of MT Demodulate PSK.

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    impairment measurement window

    The window over which impairments are measured.

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    start index

    Index of the first sample of the measurement window.

    Default: 0

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    width

    Number of symbols over which to measure impairments. A value of -1 (default) measures impairments over all symbols. Positive values must be two or greater.

    Default: -1

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    error in

    Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

    The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Default: No error

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    PSK system parameters

    Parameter values defining the PSK system. Wire the PSK system parameters cluster of MT Generate PSK System Parameters (M) or MT Generate PSK System Parameters (map) to this cluster. Do not alter the values.

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    samples per symbol

    An even number of samples dedicated to each symbol. Multiply this value by the symbol rate to determine the sample rate.

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    Note  

    The demodulation and detector nodes use timing recovery, which is optimized for four or more samples per symbol.

    Default: 16

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    symbol map

    An ordered array that maps each Boolean symbol to its desired coordinates in the complex plane. The number of states in the array must be 2 N , where N is the number of bits per symbol.

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    differential PSK

    A value that indicates how the PSK modulation represents symbols.

    Differential operation is used to implement PSK formats such as differential quadrature PSK (DQPSK) and π /4-DQPSK.

    Name Description
    disable

    Symbols are represented as constellation points.

    enable

    Symbols are represented as the transitions between constellation points.

    Default: disable

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    PSK type

    Type of PSK modulation.

    Name Description
    normal

    Sets the modulation type to regular PSK.

    shifted

    Rotates the constellation by π /M each symbol.

    offset

    Sets the modulation type to offset quadrature phase-shift keying (OQPSK). This modulation scheme is a form of phase-shift keying in which four different phase angles are used. This scheme is sometimes referred to as staggered quadrature phase-shift keying (SQPSK). For offset PSK, the ideal symbol timing for Q is offset by 1/2 of a symbol period from the ideal symbol timing for I. offset is currently only supported for M= 4.

    Default: normal

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    impairment definition

    A value that indicates which set of equations is used to represent impairments.

    In the equations in the following table, I is the real component and Q is the imaginary component of each sample in the input complex waveform. I and Q are the real and imaginary components of the corresponding sample in the output complex waveform. I is I DC Offset (%) / 100, and Q is Q DC Offset (%) / 100.

    Name Description
    Vertical Shear

    The definition uses the following equations for I/Q impairments:

    I = a * I + I

    Q = a * sin ( φ ) * I + b * cos ( φ ) * Q + Q

    where

    φ is the specified quadrature skew, in radians

    γ = 10(IQ gain imbalance/20)

    a = γ * b

    b = 2 1 + γ 2

    In matrix form, these equations are represented by

    [ I Q ] = S [ I Q ] + [ I Q ]

    where

    S = [ a 0 a * sin φ b * cos φ ]

    Axis Shear

    With this option selected, this node uses an impairment definition that simplifies the conversion between measured impairments and their inverse impairments. For example, you may want to measure the I/Q impairments of a system and compensate for those impairments by applying the inverse impairments to the generated or received waveform. Using the Axis Shear definition, given a measured skew and imbalance (in dB), the inverse impairments are -1.0 * skew and -1.0 * imbalance. This definition uses the following equations for IQ impairments:

    I = I * γ Q * ( φ 2 ) + I

    Q = I * ( φ 2 ) + Q * ( 1 γ ) + Q

    where

    γ = 10(IQ gain imbalance/20)

    φ is the specified quadrature skew, in radians

    In matrix form, these equations are represented by

    [ I Q ] = S [ I Q ] + [ I Q ]

    where

    S = [ γ φ / 2 φ / 2 1 γ ]

    Default: Vertical Shear

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    reset?

    A Boolean that determines how the node handles bits from partial symbols in the input bit stream.

    TRUE Discards bits making up incomplete symbols.
    FALSE Saves the leftover bits and starts with them on the next iteration.

    Default: TRUE

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    magnitude error

    The measured magnitude error as a percentage. Magnitude error is the magnitude difference between the ideal and the actual measured symbol locations.

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    RMS measurement

    The RMS impairment value calculated over the impairment measurement window.

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    peak measurement

    The peak impairment value measured over the impairment measurement window.

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    peak symbol index

    Index of the symbol having the peak magnitude of impairment.

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    individual symbol measurements

    The impairment value for each individual symbol.

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    DC offset measurements

    The measured DC offset of the I or Q waveforms as a percentage of the largest I and Q value in the symbol map of the recovered complex waveform.

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    I

    The DC offset of the I waveform, expressed as a percentage of the largest I or Q value in the symbol map.

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    Q

    The DC offset of the Q waveform, expressed as a percentage of the largest I or Q value in the symbol map.

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    origin offset

    The offset, in dB, of the constellation origin from its ideal location.

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    quadrature skew

    The measured quadrature skew of the complex waveform in degrees.

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    IQ gain imbalance

    The measured ratio of I gain to Q gain, in dB.

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    Tip  

    For shifted BPSK (also called π /2 BPSK with or without differential encoding), certain measurements, including IQ gain imbalance, quadrature skew, and DC offset measurements, are not performed by the current version of the node. The current version of the node returns NaN in these cases. Other measurements, specifically modulation error ratio, error vector magnitude, magnitude error, and phase error, are valid and returned for shifted ( π /2) BPSK.

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    phase error

    The measured phase error in degrees. Notice that the phase offset is removed by the demodulator and is excluded from this measurement.

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    RMS measurement

    The RMS impairment value calculated over the impairment measurement window.

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    peak measurement

    The peak impairment value measured over the impairment measurement window.

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    peak symbol index

    Index of the symbol having the peak magnitude of impairment.

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    individual symbol measurements

    The impairment value for each individual symbol.

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    EVM

    The measured error vector magnitude (EVM) expressed as a percentage.

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    RMS measurement

    The RMS impairment value calculated over the impairment measurement window.

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    peak measurement

    The peak impairment value measured over the impairment measurement window.

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    peak symbol index

    Index of the symbol having the peak magnitude of impairment.

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    individual symbol measurements

    The impairment value for each individual symbol.

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    modulation error ratio

    The measured modulation error ratio in dB.

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    error out

    Error information.

    The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Where This Node Can Run:

    Desktop OS: Windows

    FPGA: Not supported

    Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application


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