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MT Convolutional Decode (MT Convolutional Decoder (Viterbi Soft Decision, Rate)) (G Dataflow)

Version:
    Last Modified: February 7, 2018

    Performs Viterbi soft decision decoding on a convolutionally encoded bit stream using a specified code rate. The code rate is equal to the ratio of the data word length to the code word length.

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    input integers

    Bit metrics for quantized demodulated BPSK symbol data. These demodulated BPSK symbols are quantized to n soft bits of precision, such that an integer value of 0 represents a strong logic 0 and a value of 2 n soft represents a strong logic 1.

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    Note  

    To generate integer-valued quantized BPSK demodulated data from the Modulation nodes, decimate and quantize the oversampled data at the output of the PSK demodulator/matched filter.

    For higher-order M-PSK/QAM schemes, convert the I/Q symbol values into corresponding quantized bit metrics using a suitable algorithm/heuristic.

    Default: 1

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    rate

    The convolutional code rate, which is a ratio of k/n, where k is the input data word length and n is the output code word length.

    Name Description
    1/2

    Supports constraint lengths of 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17

    1/3

    Supports constraint lengths of 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14

    1/4

    Supports constraint lengths of 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14

    2/3

    Supports constraint lengths of 2,3,4,5,6

    3/4

    Supports constraint lengths of 2,3,4

    Default: 1/2

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    constraint length

    The maximum number of encoded bits that can be affected by a single input bit. This value represents (1 + maximal memory order), where maximal memory order refers to the length of the longest shift register chain in the convolutional encoder.

    Default: 3

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    initial state

    The initial parent state for the decode operation. When reset? is set to TRUE, the trellis structure is set to this state, thereby initializing the Viterbi decoding operation. On the first call to this node, and thereafter when reset? is set to FALSE, the survivor state from the previous iteration is used to continue performing Viterbi decoding and this parameter is ignored.

    Default: 0

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    error in

    Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

    The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Default: No error

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    traceback depth

    The number of trellis stages used in the Viterbi decoding process.

    Default: 15

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    soft decision bits

    The number of bits used for quantizing the BPSK modulated symbols to integers.

    Default: 1

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    reset?

    A Boolean that determines whether the internal state of the decoder is cleared.

    TRUE Clears any buffered bits from previous iterations. Also initializes the Viterbi algorithm to start decoding from initial state. The relationship of the length of output bit stream, L out , to the length of input bit stream, L in , is described by the following equation:

    L out = k × [floor(L in /n) - D]

    where k is the input data word length, n is the output data word length, and D is the decoder traceback depth in symbols.

    FALSE Continues decoding from the previous iteration. The length of output bit stream is given by the following equation:

    L out = k × floor(L in /n).

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    Tip  

    If the length of the encoded bit stream is L in , and reset? is set to TRUE, the Viterbi decoding algorithm (for a rate k/n code) returns a total of L out = k×[floor(L in /n)-D] decoded bits in a single iteration, implying that a total of k×D message bits are buffered inside the node. To recover the entire message of length k×floor[L in /n] in a single call to MT Convolutional Decoder with reset? set to TRUE, choose one of the following options:

    • Append max(D,K-1)×k zeros to the end of the message prior to performing convolutional encoding. Here k represents the message word length.
    • Append D×n zeros to the end of the encoded bit stream prior to calling MT Convolutional Decoder. Here, D is the traceback depth employed in the convolutional decoder, and n is the code word length.

    Default: TRUE

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    output bit stream

    Bit sequence decoded by this node.

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    final state

    The value for the k(K-1) shift registers as the right-aligned (least significant) k(K-1) bits when this node completes execution, where K is the constraint length and k is the data word length in bits.

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    error out

    Error information.

    The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Where This Node Can Run:

    Desktop OS: Windows

    FPGA: Not supported

    Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application


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