DCT (G Dataflow)

Computes the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) of a sequence.

x

A real vector.

This input can be a 1D or 2D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers.

DCT size

The length of the DCT you want to perform.

If DCT size is greater than the number of elements in x, this node adds zeros to the end of x to match the size of DCT size. If DCT size is less than the number of elements in x, this node uses only the leading DCT size elements in x to perform the DCT. If DCT size is less than or equal to zero, this node uses the length of x as the DCT size.

This input is available only if you wire a 1D array of double-precision, floating-point numbers to x.

error in

Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

Default: No error

DCT{x}

The DCT of the input sequence.

error out

Error information.

The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

Standard Error Behavior

Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

Algorithm Definition for 1D DCT

The one-dimensional Discrete Cosine Transform DCT{x} of a 1D array x is defined by the following equations:

${y}_{k}=\sqrt{\frac{2}{N}}{\alpha }_{k}\underset{n=0}{\overset{N-1}{\sum }}{x}_{n}\cdot \mathrm{cos}\frac{\left(2n+1\right)k\pi }{2N}$

and

${\alpha }_{k}=\left\{\begin{array}{c}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k=0\\ 1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k=1,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}2,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}...,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}N-1\end{array}$

where

• N is the length of x
• yk is the kth element of DCT{x}
• xn is the nth element of x

This node applies a fast DCT algorithm instead of calculating the Discrete Cosine Transform directly. This node implements the fast DCT algorithm using an FFT-based technique.

Algorithm Definition for 2D DCT

The two-dimensional Discrete Cosine Transform DCT{x} of a 2D array x is defined by the following equation:

$y\left(u,v\right)=\sqrt{\frac{2}{M}}\sqrt{\frac{2}{N}}{\alpha }_{u}{\alpha }_{v}\underset{m=0}{\overset{M-1}{\sum }}\underset{n=0}{\overset{N-1}{\sum }}x\left(m,n\right)\mathrm{cos}\frac{\left(2m+1\right)u\pi }{2M}\mathrm{cos}\frac{\left(2n+1\right)v\pi }{2N}$

where

• M is the number of rows of x
• N is the number of columns of x
• x(m, n) is the element of x with row number m and column number n
• y(u, v) is the element of DCT{x} with row number u and column number v

This node performs a two-dimensional DCT using the following two steps:

1. Perform a one-dimensional DCT row-by-row on x. The output is Y'.
2. Perform a one-dimensional DCT column-by-column on Y'. The output is DCT{x}.

Where This Node Can Run:

Desktop OS: Windows

FPGA: This product does not support FPGA devices

Web Server: Not supported in VIs that run in a web application