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Mathematical Morphological Filter (G Dataflow)

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    Last Modified: March 15, 2017

    Filters a signal with a specific structure element using a mathematical morphological filter.

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    extension type

    Method by which to extend the input signal at both ends of the sequence.

    Name Value Description
    Zero padding 0 Extends the input signal by padding zeros at both ends of the original signal.
    Symmetric 1 Extends the input signal to form a new sequence that is symmetric at both ends of the original signal.
    Periodic 2 Extends the input signal to form a new sequence that is periodic at both ends of the original signal.

    Filtering a Signal with the Zero Padding Method

    The following illustration represents the output sequence when extension type is Zero padding.

    Where X is the input signal, and k is the length of structure element.

    Filtering a Signal with the Symmetric Method

    The following illustration represents the output sequence when extension type is Symmetric.

    Where X is the input signal, and k is the length of structure element.

    If k > n, this node pads X with k - n zeros at both ends of the new sequence, where n is the length of X.

    Filtering a Signal with the Periodic Method

    The following illustration represents the output sequence when extension type is Periodic.

    Where X is the input signal, and k is the length of structure element.

    If k > n, this node periodically repeats X more than once at both ends of the sequence.

    Default: Zero padding

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    signal

    The input signal.

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    structure element

    Structure element to use in the filtering process.

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    operation type

    Fundamental operation of the morphological filter.

    Name Value Description
    Dilation 0 Specifies to perform dilation on the input signal.
    Erosion 1 Specifies to perform erosion on the input signal.

    Algorithm and Example for the Dilation Operation

    The dilation of a 1D signal f is defined as follows:

    D ( i ) = max { x ( i j ) + s ( j ) } , 0 i n 1 , 0 j k 1

    where x(i) is the i-th element in the input signal and s(j) is the j-th element in structure element.

    The following image shows an example of the dilation effect. The original signal consists of two pulses with widths of 20, and the structure element is an array of ten zeros. The filtered signal expands the pulses in the original signal.

    Algorithm and Example for the Erosion Operation

    The erosion of a 1D signal f is defined as follows:

    E ( i ) = min { x ( i + j ) s ( j ) } , 0 i n 1 , 0 j k 1

    where x(i) is the i-th element in the input signal and s(j) is the j-th element in structure element.

    The following image shows an example of the erosion effect. The original signal consists of two pulses with widths of 20, and the structure element is an array of ten zeros. The filtered signal shrinks the pulses in the original signal.

    Default: Dilation

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    zero phase?

    A Boolean that specifies whether to perform zero-phase filtering of the signal.

    True Performs zero-phase filtering of the signal.
    False Does not perform zero-phase filtering of the signal.

    Default: True

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    error in

    Error conditions that occur before this node runs.

    The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Default: No error

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    filtered signal

    Filtered signal.

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    error out

    Error information.

    The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

    Standard Error Behavior

    Many nodes provide an error in input and an error out output so that the node can respond to and communicate errors that occur while code is running. The value of error in specifies whether an error occurred before the node runs. Most nodes respond to values of error in in a standard, predictable way.

    error in does not contain an error error in contains an error
    If no error occurred before the node runs, the node begins execution normally.

    If no error occurs while the node runs, it returns no error. If an error does occur while the node runs, it returns that error information as error out.

    If an error occurred before the node runs, the node does not execute. Instead, it returns the error in value as error out.

    Reducing Noise with Mathematical Morphological Filters

    You can use mathematical morphological filters to reduce various types of noise in an input signal while preserving the compatibility of those shapes with the size of the structure element.

    The following image shows the result of using a mathematical morphological filter to remove the baseline and suppress the noise in an ECG signal.


    Where This Node Can Run:

    Desktop OS: Windows

    FPGA: This product does not support FPGA devices


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