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Noise Generator (Uniform) (G Dataflow)

Version:
    Last Modified: January 9, 2017

    Generates a signal containing a uniform white noise wave.

    You can use uniform white noise as a stimulus to measure the frequency response of amplifiers and electronic filters.

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    offset

    DC offset of the signal.

    Default: 0

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    reset

    A Boolean that controls the reseeding of the noise sample generator after the first execution of the node. By default, this node maintains the initial internal seed state.

    True Accepts a new seed and begins producing noise samples based on the seed. If the given seed is less than or equal to 0, the node ignores a reset value of True and resumes producing noise samples as a continuation of the previous sequence.
    False Resumes producing noise samples as a continuation of the previous noise sequence. The node ignores new seed inputs while reset is False.

    Default: False

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    amplitude

    Maximum absolute value the signal can have.

    Default: The default value of this input changes depending on how you configure this node. If you configure this node to return a waveform, the default is 0.5. If you configure this node to return an array of double-precision, floating point numbers, the default is 1.

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    seed

    A number that initializes the noise generator.

    The value of seed cannot be a multiple of 16364. If reset is unwired, this node maintains the internal seed state.

    seed is greater than 0 Generates noise samples based on the given seed value. For multiple calls to the node, the node accepts or rejects new seed inputs based on the given reset value.
    seed is less than or equal to 0 Generates a random seed value and produces noise samples based on that seed value. For multiple calls to the node, if seed remains less than or equal to 0, the node ignores the reset input and produces noise samples as a continuation of the initial noise sequence.

    Default: -1

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    error in

    Error conditions that occur before this node runs. The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.

    Default: No error

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    sample rate

    Sample rate in samples per second.

    This input is available only if you configure this node to return a waveform.

    Default: 1000

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    samples

    Number of samples in the signal.

    Default: The default value of this input changes depending on how you configure this node. If you configure this node to return a waveform, the default is 1000. If you configure this node to return an array of double-precision, floating-point numbers, the default is 128.

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    uniform white noise

    Uniformly-distributed, pseudorandom pattern.

    This output returns a waveform or an array of double-precision, floating point numbers.

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    error out

    Error information. The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.

    Algorithm for Generating the Uniform White Noise

    This node generates the pseudorandom sequence using the Wichmann-Hill generator. The pseudorandom number generator implements a triple-seeded linear congruential algorithm. Given that the probability density function, f(x), of the uniformly distributed uniform white noise is

    f ( x ) = { 1 2 a if a x < a 0 elsewhere

    where a is the absolute value of amplitude.

    The following equations define the expected mean value μ and the expected standard deviation value σ of the pseudorandom sequence:

    μ = E { x } = 0
    σ = [ E { ( x μ ) 2 } ] 1 / 2 = a 3 0.57735 a

    The pseudorandom sequence produces approximately 6.95 * 1012 samples before the pattern repeats itself.

    Where This Node Can Run:

    Desktop OS: Windows

    FPGA: Not supported


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