Generates Galois pseudonoise (PN) bit sequences. The node repeats the selected pattern until it generates the number of total bits that you specify. Use this node to specify a PN sequence order based on which the node selects a primitive polynomial that returns an m-sequence.
Total number of pseudorandom bits to be generated.
Default: 128
Order of the PN bit sequence to be generated. Valid values are 5 to 31, inclusive.
Default: 9
Initial state of the PN generator shift register. If no seed is specified, the default seed is used.
Default: 169
Error conditions that occur before this node runs. The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.
Default: no error
The generated pseudorandom data bits.
If the PN sequence order is N, the output data is periodic with period T = 2^{ N }-1. For example, if N = 7, the output sequence repeats after every T = 127 bits.
A seed for use in the seed in parameter during the next call to this node when reset? is set to FALSE.
Error information. The node produces this output according to standard error behavior.
Though deterministic in nature, seudorandom or pseudonoise (PN) sequences satisfy many properties of random numbers, such as autocorrelation, crosscorrelation, and so on. PN sequences are used in many applications and standards such as 802.11a and DVB. Some examples of PN sequences are maximal length shift register sequences, or m-sequences, Gold sequences, and Kasami sequences. An m-sequence generates a periodic sequence of length $L={2}^{m}-1$ bits and is generated by linear feedback shift registers (LFSRs). Two well known implementations of m-sequences are the Fibonacci implementation and the Galois implementation.
The preceding figure shows the Fibonacci and Galois implementations of m-sequences. As can be seen in these figures, m-sequences contain m shift registers. The shift register set is filled with an m-bit initial seed that can be any value except 0. If the m bits in the m shift registers are all zero, then it is a degenerate case and the output of the generator is 0.
The following examples demonstrate bit generation:
Primitive polynomial: $1+{X}^{14}+{X}^{15}$
Initial seed: 000000010101001
The following figure shows the circuitry:
Seed | Output |
---|---|
000000010101001 | 0+0=0 |
000000101010010 | 0+0=0 |
000001010100100 | 0+0=0 |
000010101001000 | 0+0=0 |
000101010010000 | 0+0=0 |
001010100100000 | 0+0=0 |
010101001000000 | 0+1=1 |
101010010000001 | 1+0=1 |
Primitive polynomial: $1+{X}^{14}+{X}^{15}$
Initial seed: 000000010101001
The circuitry is shown in the following figure:
Seed | Output |
---|---|
000000010101001 | 0 |
000000101010010 | 0 |
000001010100100 | 0 |
000010101001000 | 0 |
000101010010000 | 0 |
001010100100000 | 0 |
010101001000000 | 0 |
101010010000000 | 1 |
110100100000001 | 1 |
001001000000011 | 0 |
010010000000110 | 0 |
100100000001100 | 1 |
101000000011001 | 1 |
110000000110011 | 1 |
000000001100111 | 0 |
000000011001110 | 0 |
Installed By: LabVIEW Communications System Design Suite (introduced in 1.0)
Where This Node Can Run:
Desktop OS: Windows
FPGA: Not supported
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