Demodulates a pulse-amplitude-modulated (PAM) complex baseband waveform and returns the demodulated bit stream. This node attempts to remove carrier and phase offset by locking to the carrier signal.
MT Detect PAM returns only the demodulated bit stream. Use MT Demodulate PAM to acquire the time-aligned oversampled complex waveform, the demodulated bit stream, and the results of offset and drift measurements.
This node assumes that the sample rate of the input complex waveform is exactly samples per symbol × the symbol rate. If this relationship does not apply to your application, use MT Resample (Complex Cluster) to resample the waveform to the desired sample rate.
The complex-valued signal-only baseband modulated waveform. The real and imaginary parts of this complex data array correspond to the in-phase (I) and quadrature-phase (Q) data, respectively.
PAM system parameters
Parameter values defining the PAM system. Wire the PAM system parameters cluster of MT Generate PAM System Parameters (M) or MT Generate PAM System Parameters (map) to this cluster. Do not alter the values.
samples per symbol
An even number of samples dedicated to each symbol. Multiply this value by the symbol rate to determine the sample rate.
The demodulation and detector nodes use timing recovery, which is optimized for four or more samples per symbol.
An ordered array that maps each symbol to its desired level. The number of PAM levels in the array is 2N, where N is the number of bits per symbol. The vector length for the symbols farthest from the origin is 1.
Parameter values describing the synchronization sequence and the range of bits over which to search for this sequence. Wire the PSK synchronization parameters cluster returned by the PSK bit array or number array instances of MT Generate Synchronization Parameters to this cluster.
If the synchronization parameters cluster is not wired, the demodulator does not attempt to synchronize, and the constellation of the demodulated waveform has a 180° carrier phase ambiguity.
expected sync location
The expected location of the first symbol of the sync sequence.
This value is an index to the input complex waveform. A value of -1 searches the entire input complex waveform and ignores the sync location uncertainty parameter.
The mapped symbol pattern used to synchronize the bit stream. To prevent false synchronization, select this pattern such that there is a low probability of accidental correlation to nonsynchronized parts of the data stream. If this parameter is left empty, the signal is still demodulated, but there is a phase ambiguity in the recovered symbols.
sync location uncertainty
Number of symbols before or after the expected sync location where the first symbol of the sync sequence may be located. The node ignores this parameter if the expected sync location parameter is set to -1.
Distance that the sync sequence is indented into the information block.
The distance is the number of demodulated symbols preceding the sync sequence. For example, a value of 10 indicates that the output bit stream consists of 10 data symbols, followed by the sync sequence, followed by the remaining data symbols.
Error conditions that occur before this node runs. The node responds to this input according to standard error behavior.
Default: no error
matched filter coefficients
An ordered array containing the desired matched filter coefficients. Wire the matched filter coefficients parameter of MT Generate Filter Coefficients to this parameter. When generating the filter coefficients, ensure that the value of the matched samples per symbol parameter of MT Generate Filter Coefficients is equal to the value of the samples per symbol element of the PAM system parameters cluster that is passed to this node.
When reset? is set to TRUE, there is a transient response of half the filter length at the start of the demodulated signal, and the returned data is shortened by approximately half the filter length. When reset? is set to FALSE, the node uses data from the previous iteration to eliminate the transient.
A Boolean that determines whether the node continues demodulating using the previous iteration states.
Restarts the demodulator. The node resets on the first call and when reset? is set to TRUE.
Continues demodulating using the previous iteration states. The input complex waveform is contiguous with the input complex waveform from the previous iteration of this node.
A Boolean that determines whether to flush samples from the input complex waveform that are delayed due to the FIR filters used in the demodulation algorithm. Set this parameter to TRUE during single-shot operations and during the last iteration of continuous operations.
Destroys the internal states of the algorithms such that you cannot perform continuous processing on the signal during subsequent iterations. If flush buffers? is set to TRUE, you must set reset? to TRUE on the subsequent iteration.
Stores the internal states of the algorithms so that you can perform continuous processing on the signal during subsequent iterations.
output bit stream
The demodulated information bit stream.
For systems with more than 1 bit per symbol the symbols are converted to bits in least significant bit (LSB) first order. For example, if the detected symbols are 2,1,... the generated bits are 0,1,1,0...
sync found index
Symbol index within the input complex waveform where the peak correlation to the sync sequence was found. If no sync sequence is specified in the synchronization parameters cluster, the sync found index parameter returns the offset from the start of the input complex waveform to the first complete symbol.
Successful locking depends on many factors, including signal quality, modulation type, filtering parameters, and acquisition size. Locking also requires a fairly uniform distribution of symbols in the signal. The demodulator lock rate increases (and failures decrease) as the number of symbols demodulated increases. In general, you can expect to achieve a better than 95% lock when demodulating 10 × M number of symbols, where M is 2bits per symbol.
Installed By: LabVIEW Communications System Design Suite (introduced in 1.0)
Where This Node Can Run:
Desktop OS: Windows
FPGA: Not supported
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